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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 42, Issue 9, pp 6929–6945 | Cite as

Synthesis and kinetic study of N-(1-methyl-3-phenyl-propane)-phthalimide (NP) by phase-transfer catalysis assisted by ultrasound irradiation

  • Manuri Brahmayya
  • Maw-Ling Wang
Article
  • 144 Downloads

Abstract

Synthesis of N-(1-methyl-3-phenyl-propane)-phthalimide (NP) was successfully carried out by reacting the potassium phthalimide (PPK) with 2-bromo-1-phenyl propane by using solid–liquid phase-transfer catalysis under nitrogen atmosphere. The effects of agitation rate, reactant concentrations, solvents, catalysts and temperature on the conversion are investigated in the sequence to find the optimum operating environments for this NP formation. It has been found that agitation speed does not affect the reaction once it exceeds 1000 rpm. The apparent reaction rate was first order for the selected reaction.

Keywords

Potassium phthalimide 2-Bromo-1-phenyl propane Phase transfer catalysis Chemical kinetics Ultrasonic irradiation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful for funding from grant NSC 102-2811-E-241-002, Taiwan and the ROC.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering Safety and HealthHung Kuang UniversityShalu District, Taichung CityTaiwan, ROC

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