In the present investigation, silica-based boron trisulfonic acid was successfully synthesized via chlorosulfonation of boric acid at ambient conditions. Also, work was investigated to synthesize biodiesel fuel via transesterification of soybean oil over silica boron trisulfonic acid, as an efficient, recoverable, and recyclable solid-acid catalyst. The highest biodiesel yield observed was 94.53 %. Synthesized catalyst was fittingly characterized by FT-IR, NH3-TPD, BET, XRD, and SEM analysis, whereas synthesized biodiesel fuel was duly characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
A. Nezihe, D. Aysegul, Fuel 86, 2639 (2007)
D.V. Manh, Y.H. Chen, C.C. Chang, M.C. Chang, C.Y. Chang, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 42, 640 (2011)
S.B. Lee, J.D. Lee, I.K. Hong, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 17, 138 (2011)
A.P. Vyas, J.L. Verma, N. Subrahmanyam, Fuel 89, 1 (2010)
A.A. Apostolakou, I.K. Kookos, C. Marazioti, K.C. Angelopoulos, Fuel Process. Technol. 90, 1023 (2009)
T.H. Chang, H.M. Su, Energy 35, 2807 (2010)
Biodiesel Magazine, in 2009 Biodiesel Industry Directory. 5th edn. (BBI International, Grand Forks, ND, 2008)
M.A. Olutoye, B.H. Hameed, Bioresour. Technol. 102, 6392 (2011)
L. Gao, G. Teng, G. Xiao, R. Wei, Biomass Bioenergy 34, 1283 (2010)
K.E. Abebe, K. Yohannes, Z. Rolando, Energy 36, 2693 (2011)
L. Wen, Y. Wang, D. Lu, S. Hu, H. Han, Fuel 89, 2267 (2010)
M.J. Ramos, A. Casas, L. Rodriguez, R. Romero, A. Perez, Appl. Catal. A Gen. 346, 79 (2008)
C.V. McNeff, L.C. McNeff, B. Yan, D.T. Nowlan, M. Rasmussen, A.E. Gyberg, B.J. Krohn, R.L. Fedie, T.R. Hoye, Appl. Catal. A Gen. 343, 39 (2008)
P. Scherrer, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen. 26, 98 (1918)
M.L. Savaliya, B.Z. Dholakiya, Catal. Lett. 144, 1339 (2014)
B.Z. Dholakiya, Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 4, 551 (2012)
M.J. Nye, T.W. Williamson, S. Deshpande, J.H. Schrader, W.H. Snively, T.P. Yurkewich, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 60, 1598 (1983)
U.S. Nestor Jr, R. Venditti, D.S. Argyropoulos, Fuel 88, 560 (2009)
R. Guzatto, T.L.D. Martini, D. Samios, Fuel Process. Technol. 92, 2083 (2011)
Q. Shu, B. Yang, H. Yuan, S. Qing, G. Zhu, Catal. Commun. 8, 2159 (2007)
M.L. Savaliya, B.Z. Dholakiya, Res. Chem. Intermed. (2014). doi:10.1007/s11164-014-1548
H. Yanqin, Soybean Sci. 30, 488 (2011)
M. Canakci, J. Van Gerpen, Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 42, 4205 (1999)
C.M. Garcia, S. Teixeira, L.L. Marciniuk, U. Schuchardt, Bioresour. Technol. 99, 6608 (2008)
Y.M. Park, J.Y. Lee, S.H. Chung, I.S. Park, S.Y. Lee, D.K. Kim, Bioresour. Technol. 101, 59 (2010)
This work was financially supported by the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP), Phase-II, S. V. National institute of Technology, Surat and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India (Sanction Order Letter No. 02(0170)/13/EMR-II). For texture analysis of catalysts, we are very much thankful to the Department of Mechanical Engineering, S. V. National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Savaliya, M.L., Dholakiya, B.Z. A notice on newly synthesized silica-induced boron trisulfonic acid catalyst towards biodiesel synthesis from refined soybean oil. Res Chem Intermed 41, 8199–8210 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-014-1885-1
- Boric acid
- Crude glycerol
- Green fuel
- Refined soybean oil