Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 41, Issue 11, pp 8199–8210 | Cite as

A notice on newly synthesized silica-induced boron trisulfonic acid catalyst towards biodiesel synthesis from refined soybean oil

  • Mehulkumar L. Savaliya
  • Bharatkumar Z. DholakiyaEmail author


In the present investigation, silica-based boron trisulfonic acid was successfully synthesized via chlorosulfonation of boric acid at ambient conditions. Also, work was investigated to synthesize biodiesel fuel via transesterification of soybean oil over silica boron trisulfonic acid, as an efficient, recoverable, and recyclable solid-acid catalyst. The highest biodiesel yield observed was 94.53 %. Synthesized catalyst was fittingly characterized by FT-IR, NH3-TPD, BET, XRD, and SEM analysis, whereas synthesized biodiesel fuel was duly characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques.

Graphical Abstract


Boric acid Crude glycerol Green fuel Refined soybean oil Esterification Saponification 



This work was financially supported by the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP), Phase-II, S. V. National institute of Technology, Surat and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India (Sanction Order Letter No. 02(0170)/13/EMR-II). For texture analysis of catalysts, we are very much thankful to the Department of Mechanical Engineering, S. V. National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.

Supplementary material

11164_2014_1885_MOESM1_ESM.docx (515 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 514 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehulkumar L. Savaliya
    • 1
  • Bharatkumar Z. Dholakiya
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryS.V. National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia

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