Melamine supported on hydroxyapatite-encapsulated-γ-Fe2O3: a novel superparamagnetic recyclable basic nanocatalyst for the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridines and polyhydroquinolines

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Abstract

In this paper, the preparation and characterization of hydroxyapatite-encapsulated γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles functionalized with Melamine nanocomposite (γ-Fe2O3@HAp@Melamine) are presented. The resulting nanocomposite was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, thermal gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometer and elemental analysis. The catalytic activity of γ-Fe2O3@ HAp@Melamine as a magnetic powerful basic nanocatalyst was probed through one-pot synthesis of 1, 4-dihydropyridine and polyhydroquinoline derivatives through Hantzsch condensation reaction under solvent-free thermal conditions. The heterogeneous catalyst could be recovered easily by simple magnetic decantation and reused many times without significant loss of its catalytic activity.

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Acknowledgment

We are grateful to the Research Council of ShahidChamran University for financial support.

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Correspondence to Ali Reza Kiasat.

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Igder, S., Kiasat, A.R. & Shushizadeh, M.R. Melamine supported on hydroxyapatite-encapsulated-γ-Fe2O3: a novel superparamagnetic recyclable basic nanocatalyst for the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridines and polyhydroquinolines. Res Chem Intermed 41, 7227–7244 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-014-1808-1

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Keywords

  • Magnetic basic nanocatalyst
  • Nano γ-Fe2O3 supported Melamine
  • γ-Fe2O3@HAp
  • 1,4-Dihydropyridines
  • Polyhydroquinolines