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Table 4 Results: Intensive margin (Masters programs of IBCs)

From: Cross-Border Higher Education: The Expansion of International Branch Campuses

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
log GDP home − 0.414\(^{***}\) − 0.366\(^{***}\) − 0.598\(^{***}\) − 0.496\(^{**}\) − 0.477\(^{*}\)
(0.13) (0.09) (0.20) (0.22) (0.27)
log GDP host 0.704\(^{***}\) 0.792\(^{***}\) 0.214 0.203 0.429\(^{*}\)
(0.10) (0.08) (0.18) (0.20) (0.23)
BIT dummy 0.473\(^{***}\) 0.085 0.874\(^{***}\) 1.416\(^{***}\) 0.484\(^{**}\)
(0.08) (0.12) (0.24) (0.32) (0.20)
RTA dummy 0.721\(^{***}\) 0.037 0.021 0.265\(^{**}\) 0.501\(^{***}\)
(0.08) (0.09) (0.15) (0.12) (0.16)
log Education Expenditure home    0.856\(^{**}\) 0.842\(^{*}\) 0.864
   (0.41) (0.50) (0.58)
log Education Expenditure host    − 0.139 \(-\)0.003 − 0.313
   (0.20) (0.23) (0.26)
Tertiatry School enrollment (%) home     − 0.039\(^{***}\) − 0.041\(^{***}\)
    (0.01) (0.01)
Tertiatry School enrollment (%) host     − 0.007 − 0.006
    (0.00) (0.00)
log Articles home      0.436\(^{*}\)
     (0.26)
log Articles host      0.614\(^{***}\)
     (0.19)
log Distance − 0.554\(^{***}\)     
(0.05)     
Contiguity 0.878\(^{***}\)     
(0.12)     
Common language − 1.246\(^{***}\)     
(0.13)     
Common religion 1.212\(^{***}\)     
(0.21)     
Colonial relationship 1.163\(^{***}\)     
(0.11)     
Observations 1,251,210 1,267,368 188,907 119,663 84,533
Pseudo-\(R^{2}\) 0.827 0.903 0.924 0.346 0.332
Country FE Yes No No No No
Country-pair FE No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered by country pair
  2. \(^{*}\)\(\hbox {p}< 0.1\), \(^{**}\)\(\hbox {p}< 0.05\), \(^{***}\)\(\hbox {p}< 0.01\)