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Table 3 Results:Extensive margin (number of IBCs)

From: Cross-Border Higher Education: The Expansion of International Branch Campuses

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
log GDP home 0.043 − 0.012 − 0.050 − 0.014 − 0.329\(^{**}\)
(0.08) (0.06) (0.13) (0.16) (0.17)
log GDP host 0.691\(^{***}\) 0.689\(^{***}\) 0.266\(^{**}\) 0.193 − 0.083
(0.06) (0.04) (0.10) (0.12) (0.12)
BIT dummy 0.253\(^{***}\) 0.554\(^{***}\) − 0.060 − 0.280 0.494\(^{**}\)
(0.05) (0.10) (0.21) (0.25) (0.21)
RTA dummy 0.696\(^{***}\) 0.369\(^{***}\) 0.308\(^{**}\) − 0.150 0.249\(^{**}\)
(0.06) (0.10) (0.14) (0.11) (0.11)
log Education Expenditure home    0.521\(^{*}\) 0.987\(^{***}\) 1.081\(^{**}\)
   (0.29) (0.37) (0.44)
log Education Expenditure host    − 0.103 0.092 0.255\(^{*}\)
   (0.12) (0.13) (0.14)
Tertiatry School enrollment (%) home     − 0.022\(^{***}\) − 0.028\(^{***}\)
    (0.01) (0.01)
Tertiatry School enrollment (%) host     0.004 0.010\(^{**}\)
    (0.00) (0.00)
log Articles home      0.768\(^{***}\)
     (0.22)
log Articles host      0.138\(^{**}\)
     (5.13)
log Distance − 0.547\(^{***}\)     
(0.03)     
Contiguity 0.493\(^{***}\)     
(0.08)     
Common language 0.149\(^{*}\)     
(0.09)     
Common majority religion 0.386\(^{**}\)     
(0.17)     
Colonial relationship 1.602\(^{***}\)     
(0.08)     
Observations 1,251,210 1,267,368 188,907 119,663 84,533
Pseudo-\(R^{2}\) 0.703 0.920 0.930 0.345 0.346
Country FE Yes No No No No
Country-pair FE No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered by country pair
  2. \(^{*}\)\(\hbox {p}< 0.1\), \(^{**}\)\(p< 0.05\), \(^{***}\)\(p< 0.01\)