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Research in Higher Education

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 226–247 | Cite as

Correlates of Work-Life Balance for Faculty Across Racial/Ethnic Groups

  • Nida DensonEmail author
  • Katalin Szelényi
  • Kate Bresonis
Article

Abstract

Very few studies have examined issues of work-life balance among faculty of different racial/ethnic backgrounds. Utilizing data from Harvard University’s Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education project, this study examined predictors of work-life balance for 2953 faculty members from 69 institutions. The final sample consisted of 1059 (36%) Asian American faculty, 512 (17%) African American faculty, 359 (12%) Latina/o faculty, and 1023 (35%) White/Caucasian faculty. There were 1184 (40%) women faculty and 1769 (60%) men faculty. The predictors of worklife balance included faculty characteristics, departmental/institutional characteristics and support, and faculty satisfaction with work. While African American women faculty reported less work-life balance than African American men, the reverse was true for Latina/o faculty. In addition, White faculty who were single with no children were significantly less likely to report having work-life balance than their married counterparts with children. Faculty rank was a significant positive predictor of work-life balance for all faculty. Notably, the findings highlight the importance of department and institutional support for making personal/family obligations and an academic career compatible. Institutional support for making personal/family obligations and an academic career compatible was consistently the strongest positive predictor of perceived work-life balance for all faculty. In addition, satisfaction with time spent on research had positive associations with work-life balance for all faculty, highlighting how faculty from all racial/ethnic backgrounds value being able to spend enough time on their own research.

Keywords

Faculty Work-life balance Race Faculty of color 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education (COACHE) for granting them access to the 2011–2012 COACHE dataset.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Sciences and PsychologyWestern Sydney UniversityPenrithAustralia
  2. 2.University of MassachusettsBostonUSA
  3. 3.MCPHS UniversityBostonUSA

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