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The Influence of Campus Climate and Interfaith Engagement on Self-Authored Worldview Commitment and Pluralism Orientation Across Sexual and Gender Identities

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Abstract

This study examined the extent to which LGBT students were oriented toward pluralism and self-authored worldview commitment, as well as the conditional effects of campus climate and interfaith engagement on pluralism and worldview commitment by sexual orientation and gender identity. Drawing on data from 13,776 student respondents to the Campus Religious and Spiritual Climate Survey at 52 institutions, results indicated the positive role of LGBT identity status in relation to self-authored worldview commitment and pluralism orientation, as well as the differential effects of some aspects of campus climate in shaping pluralism and commitment among LGB students relative to heterosexual students. Implications are discussed.

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Notes

  1. The use of the term trans* is meant as inclusive of those who operate outside of traditional boundaries of gender identity (e.g. transgender, transsexual, gender queer, gender non-conforming).

  2. We use the acronym LGBT as inclusive of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender identity spaces. When speaking solely of sexual orientation, we use LGB.

  3. Cisgender refers to the experience of individuals whose gender identity aligns with their biological sex assigned at birth.

  4. Agnosticism, Atheism, Baha’i faith, Buddhism, Christianity-Latter Day Saint, Christianity-Orthodox, Christianity-Protestant, Christianity-Roman Catholic, Confucianism, Daoism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Native American Tradition(s), Non-religious, None, Paganism, Secular Humanism, Sikhism, Spiritual, Unitarian Universalism, Zoroastrianism, Another Worldview.

  5. Mainline and evangelical Christians were distinguished by a question asked of all Protestant Christians, “Do you consider yourself an evangelical or born-again Christian?”

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Rockenbach, A.N., Riggers-Piehl, T.A., Garvey, J.C. et al. The Influence of Campus Climate and Interfaith Engagement on Self-Authored Worldview Commitment and Pluralism Orientation Across Sexual and Gender Identities. Res High Educ 57, 497–517 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11162-015-9395-6

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