Research in Higher Education

, Volume 53, Issue 7, pp 738–754

An Engagement-Based Student Typology and Its Relationship to College Outcomes


DOI: 10.1007/s11162-012-9254-7

Cite this article as:
Hu, S. & McCormick, A.C. Res High Educ (2012) 53: 738. doi:10.1007/s11162-012-9254-7


Using data from the 2006 cohort of the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education, we developed a student typology based on student responses to survey items on the National Survey of Student Engagement. We then examined the utility of this typology in understanding direct-assessment learning outcomes, self-reported gains, grade-point average, and persistence from the first to second year of college. Results from linear and logistic regression models indicated there were relationships between student types and the various outcomes, and that an engagement-based student typology could help deepen our understanding of the college student experience and college outcomes.


Student engagement Typology Learning Persistence Retention College outcomes 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, College of EducationFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Center for Postsecondary ResearchIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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