Hispanics/Latinos are the fastest growing minority group in the US, and represent a diverse variety of ethnic groups with unique heritages. Yet educational and social research often analyzes this group in aggregate. This research, employing 1980 high school senior longitudinal data from the High School and Beyond project, demonstrates substantial differences in post-secondary educational attainment between some Hispanic/Latino groups. Net of a number of individual, socio-economic, family and high school background variables, logit analysis shows that Mexican Americans are significantly below others in post-secondary educational attainment after high school. The results are discussed in regard to future research adopting analysis of individual Hispanic/Latino groups rather than employing the aggregate measure which can substantially misrepresent the relationship between component Latino/a groups and educational attainment.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
E. Ballesteros (1986) Do Hispanics receive an equal educational opportunity? The relationship of school outcomes, family background, and high school curriculum M. Olivas (Eds) Latino College Students Teachers College Press New York 47–70
M. Barrera (1997) A Theory of Racial Inequality A. Darder R. Torres H. Gutierrez (Eds) Latinos and Education: a Critical Reader Routledge New York 3–44
A. E. Bayer (1972) ArticleTitleConstruction of a race item for survey research Public Opinion Quarterly 36 IssueID4 592–602 Occurrence Handle10.1086/268042
J. Battle M. S. Barbara (2000) ArticleTitleMother-only versus father-only households: educational outcomes for African American males Journal of African American Men 5 IssueID2 93–116
Bean, F. D., Stephen, J. T., Capps, R., and Tyler, M. (2001). The Latino Middle Class: Myth, Reality and Potential. Special report prepared for the Thomas Rivera Policy Institute, 48 pp
T. J. Biblarz A. E. Raftery (1999) ArticleTitleFamily structure, educational attainment, and socioeconomic success: rethinking the ‘pathology of matriarchy’ American Journal of Sociology 105 IssueID2 321–365 Occurrence Handle10.1086/210314
M. Blaug (1976) ArticleTitleThe empirical status of human capital theory: a slightly jaundiced survey Journal of Economic Literature 14 IssueID3 827–855
G. W. Bohrnstedt D. Knoke (1994) Statistics for Social and Data Analysis EditionNumber3 F.E. Peacock Publishers Itasca, Illinois
N. D. Brener L. Kann T. McManus (2003) ArticleTitleA comparison of two survey questions on race and ethnicity among high school students Public Opinion Quarterly 67 IssueID2 227–236 Occurrence Handle10.1086/374401
P. J. Burke (1989) ArticleTitleGender identity, sex, and school performance Social Psychology Quarterly 52 IssueID2 159–169
A. Darder R. Torres H. Gutierrez (1997) Introduction A. Darder R. Torres H. Gutierrez (Eds) Latinos and Education: a Critical Reader Routledge New York xi–xix
R. Fry (2004) Latino Youth Finishing College: The Role of Selective Pathways Pew Charitable Trusts Hispanic Center Washington
E. F. Garcia (2001) Hispanic Education in the United States: Raices y Alas Rowman and Littlefield New York
M. T. Hallinan (1994) ArticleTitleSchool differences in tracking effects on achievement Social Forces 72 IssueID3 799–821
J. Henslin (1996) Social Problems Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ
L. Hubbard (1999) ArticleTitleCollege aspirations among low-income African American high school students: gendered strategies for success Anthropology & Education Quarterly 30 IssueID3 368–383
Hispanic Association of Corporate Responsibility. (2000). Demographic information. Retrieved on September 7, 2000. http://www.hacr.org/demographics
G. Kao (2000) ArticleTitleGroup images and possible selves among adolescents: linking stereotypes to expectations by race and ethnicity Sociological Forum 15 407–430 Occurrence Handle10.1023/A:1007572209544
G. Kao J. S. Thompson (2003) Racial and ethnic stratification in educational achievement and attainment K. S. Cook J. Hagan (Eds) Annual Review of Sociology NumberInSeriesVol. 29, Karen Annual Review Publishers Palo Alto, CA 417–442
R. Kaufman (1996) ArticleTitlecomparing effects in dichotomous logistic regression: a variety of standardized coefficients Social Science Quarterly 77 90–109
G. Keller (1991) Introduction: advances in assessment and the potential for increasing the number of Hispanics in higher education G. Keller J. Deneen R. Magellan (Eds) Assessment and Access: Hispanics in Higher Education State University of New York Press Albany 1–35
P. W. Kingston R. Hubbard B. Lapp P. Schroeder J. Wilson (2003) ArticleTitleWhy Education Matters Sociology of Education 76 53–70
H. Mehan (1992) ArticleTitleUnderstanding inequality in schools: the contribution of interpretive studies Sociology of Education 65 1–20
K. J. Meier J. Stewart SuffixJr. (1991) The Politics of Hispanic Education Un Paso Pa’lante Y Dos Pa’tras State University of New York Press Albany
S. P. Morgan J. D. Teachman (1988) ArticleTitleLogistic regression: description, examples, and comparisons The Journal of Marriage and the Family 50 929–936
S. Oboler (1998) Hispanics? That’s what they call us R. Delgado J. Stefancic (Eds) The Latino Condition: a Critical Reader NYU Press New York 3–5
M. Olivas (1986) Research on Latino college students: a theoretical framework and inquiry M. Olivas (Eds) Latino College Students Teachers College Press New York 1–25
T. Pascarella Ernest P. T. Terenzini (1991) How College Affects Students Jossey-Bass San Francisco
C. Riordan (1997) Equality and Achievement: an Introduction to the Sociology of Education Longman New York
V. J. Roscigno M. B. Vélez J. W. Ainsworth-Darnell (2001) ArticleTitleLanguage minority achievement, family inequality, and the impact of bilingual education Race and Society 4 69–88 Occurrence Handle10.1016/S1090-9524(02)00035-9
J. D. Teachman (1987) ArticleTitleFamily background, educational resources, and educational attainment American Sociological Review 52 IssueID4 548–557
InstitutionalAuthorNameUS Census Bureau (2003) Statistical Abstract of the United States EditionNumber123 Library of Congress Washington
T. P. Vartanian P. M. Gleason (1999) ArticleTitleDo neighborhood conditions affect high school dropout and college graduation rates The Journal of Socio-Economics 28 IssueID1 21–28 Occurrence Handle10.1016/S1053-5357(99)00011-6
R. Verdugo (1986) Educational Stratification and Hispanics M. Olivas (Eds) Latino College Students Teachers College Press New York 325–347
M. B. Walpole (2003) ArticleTitleSocioeconomic status and college: how ses affects college experiences and outcomes The Review of Higher Education 27 IssueID1 45–73
K. L. Wilson A. Portes (1975) ArticleTitleThe Educational Attainment Process: Results from a National Sample American Journal of Sociology 81 IssueID2 343–363 Occurrence Handle10.1086/226077
A. Wojtkiewicz Roger M. D. Katharine (1995) ArticleTitleHispanic educational attainment: the effect of family background and nativity Social Forces 74 IssueID2 559–574
We are indebted to Robert Kaufman for consultation on methodological and statistical approaches; and to Michael Hughes, James Michaels, and Ellen Plummer for helpful suggestions for revision on earlier versions of this paper. This paper is based in part on a Master’s thesis by the ﬁrst-named author.
About this article
Cite this article
Garcia, L., Bayer, A. Variations Between Latino Groups in us Post-Secondary Educational Attainment*. Res High Educ 46, 511–533 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11162-005-3363-5
- Puerto Rican
- Mexican American
- educational attainment
- college completion
- high school and beyond data
- logit analysis
- human capital theory
- structural discrimination theory