Research in Higher Education

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 365–387 | Cite as

College Students’ Experiences with Diversity and Their Effects on Academic Self-Confidence, Social Agency, and Disposition toward Critical Thinking

  • Thomas F. Nelson LairdEmail author


The results of this study conducted at the University of Michigan (n = 289) indicate that students with more experiences with diversity, particularly enrollment in diversity courses and positive interactions with diverse peers, are more likely to score higher on academic self-confidence, social agency, and critical thinking disposition. In addition, the study provides evidence that diversity experiences may work together to foster development of certain aspects of self.


Diversity courses interaction with diverse peers academic self-confidence social agency critical thinking disposition 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Postsecondary ResearchIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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