Research in Higher Education

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 621–640 | Cite as

Salary Structure Effects and the Gender Pay Gap in Academia

  • Debra A. BarbezatEmail author
  • James W. Hughes


This paper presents estimates of the gender salary gap and discrimination based on the most recent national faculty survey data. New estimates for 1999 indicate that male faculty members still earn 20.7% more than comparable female colleagues. Depending upon which decomposition technique is employed, the portion of this gap attributable to discrimination is 17% or, 19–23%. Both estimates of the unexplained salary gap are lower than previous estimates. Furthermore, application of the Juhn technique shows that differences in salary structure, especially between research and liberal arts institutions, constitutes an important determinant of the relative gender pay gap between institutional types.


salary gender gap discrimination salary structure 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ashraf, Javed 1996The influence of gender on faculty salaries in the United States, 1969–1989Applied Economics28857864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barbezat, Debra 2002History of pay equity studiesToutkoushian, R. eds. Conducting Salary-Equity Studies: Alternative Approaches to ResearchJossey-BassSan Francisco, CA940Google Scholar
  3. Blau, Francine, Kahn, Lawrence 1996Wage structure and gender earnings differentials: an international comparisonEconomica, Suppl.63S29S62Google Scholar
  4. Blau, Francine, Kahn, Lawrence 1999Analyzing the gender pay gapThe Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance39625646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cotton, Jeremiah 1988On the decomposition of wage differentialsReview of Economics and Statistics70236243Google Scholar
  6. Juhn, Chinhui, Murphy, Kevin, Pierce, Brooks 1991Accounting for the slowdown in black–white wage convergenceKosters, M. eds. Workers and their Wages: Changing Patterns in the United StatesThe AEI PressWashington, DC197143Google Scholar
  7. Katz, Lawrence, Murphy, Kevin 1992Changes in relative wages, 1963–87: Supply and demand factorsQuarterly Journal of Economics1073578Google Scholar
  8. Maurer-Fazio, Margaret, Hughes, James 2002The effects of market liberalization on the relative earnings of Chinese womenJournal of Comparative Economics30709731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Oaxaca, Ronald 1973Male–female wage differentials in urban labor marketsInternational Economic Review14693709Google Scholar
  10. National Center for Education Statistics2002Readme Text for 1999 National Study of Postsecondary FacultyU.S. Department of EducationWashington, DCGoogle Scholar
  11. Neumark, David 1988Employers’ discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discriminationJournal of Human Resources23279295Google Scholar
  12. Ransom, Michael, Megdal, Sharon 1993Sex differences in the academic labor market in the affirmative action eraEconomics of Education Review122143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Reimers, Cordelia 1983Labor market discrimination against Hispanic and black menReview of Economics and Statistics65570579Google Scholar
  14. Toutkoushian, Robert, Hoffman, Emily 2002Alternatives for measuring the unexplained wage gapToutkoushian, R. eds. Conducting Salary-Equity Studies: Alternative Approaches to ResearchJossey-BassSan Francisco, CA7189Google Scholar
  15. Toutkoushian, Robert 1998Sex matters less for younger facultyEconomics of Education Review175571CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economics DepartmentColby CollegeWatervilleUSA
  2. 2.Economics DepartmentBates CollegeLewistonUSA

Personalised recommendations