The scientific strategy needed to promote a regional ecosystem-based approach to fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Seas

Abstract

This manuscript is an outcome of the workshop entitled “Scientific Strategy for a Global Approach to Promote Regional Ecosystem-based Approach to Fisheries (EAF) in the Mediterranean and Black Seas” held in Sète (France) in July 2012. The workshop was organized by Work-Package 6 of the coordination action “Coordinating Research in Support to Application of Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries and Management Advice in the Mediterranean and Black Seas” (CREAM), funded by the EU Seventh Framework Programme. The main aim of the workshop was to discuss what is needed to advance on a robust scientific strategy to promote EAF in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Participants discussed a series of scientific recommendations for promoting the coordination of initiatives with the aim of contributing to an operational EAF. Discussion was carried out on (i) what can be learnt from case studies that promote EAF worldwide, (ii) how a scientific strategy for EAF can be built, and (iii) which are the future scientific networking activities to promote EAF. Here we summarize the discussions and conclusions of the workshop, and we present the recommendations and future initiatives proposed to advance EAF in the Mediterranean and Black Seas region. Participants to the workshop agreed that the achievement of a common vision regarding the Mediterranean and Black Seas region should be one of the first and most important elements towards a successful EAF. A common vision should recognise the need to promote the reconciliation of conservation and exploitation, and to aim for a good socioeconomic and ecological status. The vision should also promote the recovery of ecosystems and rebuilding of marine commercial stocks and predator species. EAF initiatives, carried out worldwide, illustrated that whilst the development of relevant science is essential to render the EAF process operational, the involvement of stakeholders is the key factor that characterises successful initiatives. This is especially important in the Mediterranean and Black Sea context, where many stakeholders show conflicting interests and associated trade-offs. During the workshop, it became clear that numerous overlapping and poorly coordinated initiatives for EAF exist in the region. The group discussed the integration of the existing initiatives in a coordinated manner and arrived to the conclusion that a scientific network to promote coordinated and operational EAF initiatives created by the scientific community is needed. Ultimately, the discussion was focused on how to build such a scientific network and how to proceed to consolidate the regional scientific vision, with a clear scientific strategy and roadmap, including a diversified toolbox. In the short term, the proposed EAF scientific network should (i) document and coordinate scientific initiatives, (ii) promote the sharing of scientific information and capabilities, (iii) promote data availability, integration, harmonization, and interoperability, (iv) promote training capabilities and capacity building of the scientific community and stakeholders, (v) establish mechanisms to disseminate knowledge, and communicate EAF benefits, and (vi) promote concrete regional scientific initiatives. In the long run, the network should promote scientific advice on EAF to inform adaptive management, and promote EAF implementation at different geographical scales (from local to regional) using a transversal approach. The ultimate goal of the network should be to link management advice to good scientific information providing useful advice to address management objectives (i.e. present the trade-offs), and creating a knowledge-based management approach.

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Acknowledgments

The organizers of the workshop wish to acknowledge all CREAM partners that actively participated in the workshop. Those CREAM partners who could not attend the workshop but sent their contribution for discussion by the group are also acknowledged (F. Colloca, J. Lleonart, A. Mikhayluk, V. Shlyakhov, B. Trotsenko, J. Vigneau). Sincere thanks also go to all external experts that participated in the workshop, those that could not attend but sent their contributions (F. Renaud), and external experts that provided additional knowledge (A. Bundy, B. Fulton, S. Libralato, L. J. Shannon, Y.-J. Shin). Sincere thanks also go to colleagues from IRD that helped in the organization of the event. CREAM participants to the workshop were funded by the coordination action CREAM. MC wishes to thank the funding of IRD and the Spanish Research Fellowship program “Ramon y Cajal”.

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Correspondence to Marta Coll.

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Refer to the ‘‘Appendix’’ section for the complete list of “participants to the workshop” authors.

Appendix 1. List of participants to the workshop authors

Appendix 1. List of participants to the workshop authors

  1. a)

    CREAM participants

BARICHE, Michel. American University of Beirut, Department of Biology, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon.Tel.: +961 323742. E-mail: mb39@aub.edu.lb

BAYADAS, Giorgos. Department of Fisheries and Marine Research. Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment. Vithleem street, 101. 1416 Nicosia. Cyprus. Tel.: +357 22807815. E-mail: gpayiatas@dfmr.moa.gov.cy

BELLIDO, Jose Mª. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia. Varadero, 1. 30740 San Pedro del Pinatar. Spain. Tel.: +34 968 180500. E-mail: josem.bellido@mu.ieo.es

CHABOUD, Christian. UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France. Tel.: +33 499573246. E-mail: christian.chaboud@ird.fr

COLL, Marta. UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France & Institut de Ciències del Mar. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49. 08003 Barcelona. Spain. Tel.: +34 932309500. E-mail: mcoll@icm.csic.es

CURY, Philippe. UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France. Tel.: +33 499573234. E-mail: philippe.cury@ird.fr, philippe.cury@ifremer.fr

EL-SAYED, Abdel-Fattah. Oceanography Department. Faculty of Science. Alexandria University. Alexandria. Egypt. Tel.: +20 34843172. E-mail: afmelsayed@gmail.com

GAAMOUR, Adel. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer. Port de pêche. 2060 La Goulette. Tunisia. Tel.: +216 71735848. E-mail: gaamour.adel@instm.rnrt.tn

GABIÑA, Dunixi. Instituto Agronómico Mediterráneo de Zaragoza/CIHEAM. Av. Montañana, 1005. 50059 Zaragoza. Spain. Tel.: +34 976716000. E-mail: iamz@iamz.ciheam.org

KAVADAS, Stefanos. Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters. Hellenic Centre for Marine Research. Agios Kosmas. 166 04 Hellinikon, Athens. Greece. Tel.: +30 210 9856700. E-mail: stefanos@hcmr.gr

MAKHARADZE, Guranda. Water Ecology and Fisheries Research Institute. Rustaveli Avenue, 51. 6010 Batumi. Georgia. Tel.: +995 577232281. E-mail: guranda_guka@yahoo.com

MÉRIGOT, Bastien. UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France. Tel.: +33 499573205. E-mail: bastien.merigot@univ-montp2.fr

PACE, Marie Louise. Capture Fisheries Section. Fisheries Control Directorate. Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs. Barriera Wharf. Valletta, VLT 1970. Malta. Tel.: +356 22921257. E-mail: marie-louise.pace@gov.mt

PANAYOTOVA, Marina. Department of Marine Biology and Ecology. Institute of Oceanology. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. “Parvy maj” street, 40. 9000 Varna. Bulgaria. Tel.: +359 52370486. E-mail: mpanayotova@io-bas.bg

PIPITONE, Carlo. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Instituto per l’Ambiente Marino Costiero. Sede di Castellammare del Golfo. Via Giovanni da Verrazzano, 17. 91014 Castellammare del Golfo (TP). Italy. Tel.: +39 0917829740-+39 0924 35013. E-mail: carlo.pipitone@ iamc.cnr.it

RADU, Gheorghe. National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa”. Mamaia Bvd., 300. 900581 Constanta. Romania. Tel.: +40 241540870. E-mail: gpr@alpha.rmri.ro, gradu@alpha.rmri.ro

SAMUEL-RHOADS, Yianna. Oceanography Centre. University of Cyprus. POBox 20537. 1678 Nicosia. Cyprus. Tel.: +357 22893984. E-mail: rhoads.yianna@ucy.ac.cy

SBRANA, Mario. Consorzio per il Centro Interuniversitario di Biologia Marina ed Ecologia Applicata “G. Bacci” Viale Nazario Sauro, 4. 57128 Livorno. Italy. Tel.: +39 0586 260723. E-mail: msbrana@cibm.it

TALEB, Said. Cooperation Division. Institut National de Recherche Halieutique. 2, rue de Tiznit. 20000 Casablanca. Morocco. Tel.: +212 522297329. E-mail: taleb@inrh.org.ma.

TOKAÇ, Adnan. Fisheries Faculty. Ege University. 35100 Bornova, İzmir. Turkey. Tel.: +90 232 3111307. E-mail: adnan.tokac@ege.edu.tr

VENDEVILLE, Philippe. UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France. Tel.: +33 499573246. E-mail: Philippe.Vendeville@ifremer.fr

  1. b)

    External experts attending the workshop

AZZURRO, Ernesto. ISPRA. National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research. Sts Livorno. Piazzale dei Marmi, 2. 57123 Livorno. Italy. E-mail: eazzurr@gmail.com

CLAUDET, Joachim. National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Laboratoire d’Excellence “CORAIL”. USR 3278 CNRS-EPHE CRIOBE., University of Perpignan., 66860 Perpignan cedex., France, & Laboratoire d’Excellence “CORAIL”, France. Tel.: +33 468662194. E-mail: joachim.claudet@gmail.com

GASCUEL, Didier. UMR Ecologie et Santé des Écosystemes. Université Européenne de Bretagne. Pole Halieutique Agrocampus Ouest. 65 Route de Saint Brieuc. CS84215, 35042 Rennes Cedex. France. E-mail: didier.gascuel@agrocampus-ouest.fr

PÊTRE, Elise. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) -France. Fisheries Officer. 1 carrefour de Longchamp. 75016 Paris. France. Tel.: +33 624650313. E-mail: epetre@wwf.fr

ROUYER, Tristan. UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France. Tel.: +33 499573247. E-mail: tristan.rouyer@ifremer.fr

UMR EME 212 IRD/UM2/IFREMER. Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale. IRD-IFREMER & Université Montpellier II. Avenue Jean Monnet, BP 171. 34203 Sète Cedex. France. Tel.: +33 499573205. E-mail: isabelle.terrier@ird.fr

TUDELA, Sergi. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Mediterranean Programme Office. Canuda, 37. 08002 Barcelona. Spain. E-mail: studela@atw-wwf.org

VALLS, Audrey. Fisheries Centre. University of British Columbia (UBC). 2202 Main Mall. V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, British Columbia. Canada. E-mail: a.valls@fisheries.ubc.ca

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Coll, M., Cury, P., Azzurro, E. et al. The scientific strategy needed to promote a regional ecosystem-based approach to fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries 23, 415–434 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-013-9305-y

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Keywords

  • Ecosystem-based approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Mediterranean and Black Seas
  • Scientific strategy
  • Scientific network
  • Roadmap
  • Toolbox
  • Coordination
  • Transversal approach