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Systematics and distribution of the New Zealand onychoteuthid fauna (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida), including a new species, Notonykia nesisi sp. nov.

Abstract

Onychoteuthid squids are among the most common cephalopods found in New Zealand waters, and comprise a major portion of the regional diets of teuthophagous marine mammals. Although several recent publications have addressed aspects of various species’ biology and reproduction, the systematics of the group remains poorly understood. Herein the ontogenetic and adult morphologies of regionally occurring known species of the genera Moroteuthis, Onychoteuthis, and Notonykia are redescribed, and Notonykia nesisi sp. nov. is described for the first time. Ontogenetic and sexually dimorphic variation in characters and character states associated with body proportions, and beak, radula, tentacular hook, palatine tooth and gladius morphologies are also described and compared between local onychoteuthid taxa for the first time.

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Acknowledgements

My thanks to Dr S. O’Shea (AUT) for guidance and insight; to Mr B. Marshall (NMNZ) for his encyclopaedic systematic and nomenclatural knowledge; to NIWA, NMNZ, and BMNH for access to their extensive collections; to the American Museum of Natural History for their support and assistance in visiting overseas collections; to Drs T. Kubodera and B. Hausdorf, J. Ablett, F. Köhler, and L. Hoenson for their assistance and loan of Type materials; to Drs R. Young and L. Shea for many constructive comments on this manuscript; to F. Gomez Villota for access to, and thought-provoking discussion regarding, sperm whale gut contents; and to Drs B. James and A. Turner (University of Auckland) for their tireless assistance with SEM work.

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Bolstad, K.S. Systematics and distribution of the New Zealand onychoteuthid fauna (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida), including a new species, Notonykia nesisi sp. nov.. Rev Fish Biol Fisheries 17, 305–335 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-007-9041-2

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Keywords

  • Onychoteuthidae
  • Moroteuthis
  • Ancistroteuthis
  • Onychoteuthis
  • Notonykia
  • Systematics