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International Review of Education

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 79–98 | Cite as

The effects of community factors on school participation in Turkey: A multilevel analysis

  • Sedat GumusEmail author
Article

Abstract

Turkey, like many developing countries, is facing considerable problems in terms of low school attendance rates, late enrolment and early dropout of girls in particular. Numerous studies have already been conducted, both in Turkey and elsewhere, to determine the factors affecting school enrolment of boys and girls. Existing studies in Turkey, however, have focused extensively on the association between household-level factors and school participation, ignoring the role of the broader environment in which children live. Using a recent, large-scale and nationally representative data set, this paper investigates school participation at both primary and secondary levels in Turkey, giving specific attention to community-level factors. In taking into account socioeconomic context variables using the multilevel modelling method, this study contributes significantly to current school participation literature in Turkey. The author’s findings highlight the importance of community/context factors in explaining low school enrolment in Turkey. The results of the study can help policy makers develop a systematic understanding of the relationship between socioeconomic context and school participation, and enable them to make more appropriate decisions for improving school participation across the country.

Keywords

School participation Community factors Adult education Multilevel analysis Turkey 

Résumé

L’incidence des facteurs communautaires sur la participation scolaire en Turquie : une analyse multicritères – Comme de nombreux pays en développement, la Turquie fait face à des problèmes sérieux liés aux faibles taux de fréquentation scolaire, à une scolarisation tardive et à l’abandon précoce particulièrement des filles. De nombreuses études ont déjà été réalisées, tant en Turquie que dans d’autres pays, pour déterminer les facteurs affectant la scolarisation des garçons et des filles. Mais les études menées en Turquie sont essentiellement axées sur l’association entre facteurs liés aux ménages et participation scolaire, sans tenir compte du rôle de l’environnement de vie des enfants. Exploitant un fichier de données récentes, recueillies à grande échelle et représentatives au niveau national, l’auteur examine la participation scolaire aux niveaux primaire et secondaire en Turquie et se penche spécialement sur les facteurs communautaires. En tenant compte de variables relatives au contexte socioéconomique au moyen de la méthode de modélisation multicritères, cette étude apporte une contribution notable à la documentation actuelle sur la participation scolaire en Turquie. Les résultats de l’auteur signalent l’importance des facteurs liés à la communauté et au contexte pour expliquer la faible scolarisation en Turquie. Les conclusions de l’étude pourront aider les décideurs à appréhender systématiquement les liens entre contexte socioéconomique et participation scolaire, et leur permettront de prendre des décisions adéquates pour renforcer la participation scolaire dans l’ensemble du pays.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesNecmettin Erbakan UniversityKonyaTurkey

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