International Review of Education

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 389–415 | Cite as

Private and Public Schooling in Ghana: A Census and Comparative Survey

  • James Tooley
  • Pauline Dixon
  • Isaac Amuah


A census and survey of schools in the district of Ga, Ghana, explored the nature and extent of private education, and compared inputs to public and private schooling. Three quarters of all schools found were private, with almost as many unregistered private as government schools. Several important differences between registered and unregistered private schools were noted, including age, fee levels charged, teacher salaries and class size. A range of inputs, such as teacher activity, availability of desks, chairs, libraries, toilets and drinking water, were used to compare inputs to government, unregistered and registered private schools. Some conclusions are explored about the potential role for the private sector in helping meet “education for all” targets.


Private School Management Type Government School Primary Section Probe Team 
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Lors d’un recensement et d’une évaluation des écoles dans le district de Ga au Ghana, on a sondé la nature et l’ampleur de l’éducation privée et comparé les données dans l’éducation privée et publique. Parmi toutes les écoles recensées, les trois quarts d’entre elles étaient privées, avec presque autant d’écoles privées enregistrées et non enregistrées que d’écoles gouvernementales. On a noté plusieurs différences importantes entre les écoles privées enregistrées et non enregistrées, comprenant l’âge, les niveaux de frais facturés, les salaires des professeurs et la taille des classes. Un assortiment de données, telles que l’activité des professeurs, la disponibilité de bureaux, de chaises, de bibliothèques, de toilettes et d’eau potable a été utilisé afin de comparer les données des écoles gouvernementales avec celles des écoles privées non enregistrées et enregistrées. Certaines de ces conclusions ont été examinées à propos du rôle potentiel du secteur privé pour aider à satisfaire aux objectifs de “l’éducation pour tous”.



In einer Untersuchung zur Art und Anzahl von Schulen im Distrikt Ga in Ghana wurde der Umfang privater Bildung erforscht und es wurde der Umfang der Investitionen in öffentliche und private Beschulung miteinander in Vergleich gesetzt. Dreiviertel aller aufgefundenen Schulen waren privat. Es gab fast genauso viele unregistrierte Privatschulen wie staatliche Schulen. Es liessen sich verschiedene bedeutende Unterschiede zwischen registrierten und unregistrierten Privatschulen feststellen, die sich auf Fragen des Alters, der Schulgebühren, der Lehrergehälter und der Klassengröße bezogen. Zur Vergleichsliste der Investitionen in staatliche, registrierte und unregistrierte Privatschulen zählten Eingaben wie Lehreraktivität und die Verfügbarkeit von Schreibtischen, Stühlen, Büchereien, Toiletten und Trinkwasser. Abschliessend wurde das Potential des privaten Sektors bei der Unterstützung des Ziels “Bildung für alle” untersucht.




Con un censo y estudio de escuelas en el distrito de Ga, Ghana, se ha explorado la naturaleza y la extensión de la educación privada, comparándose asimismo los recursos que recibe la enseñanza pública y los que reciben las escuelas privadas. Las tres cuartas partes de todas las escuelas analizadas eran privadas, con casi tantas escuelas privadas no registradas como escuelas públicas. Se han notado varias grandes diferencias entre las escuelas privadas registradas y las no registradas, tales como edades, importes de tasas escolares, salarios de los docentes y tamaño de las clases. Se han utilizado una serie de valores, tales como las actividades de los docentes, disponibilidad de mesas, sillas, bibliotecas, aseos y agua potable, para comparar los recursos que reciben las escuelas públicas y las escuelas privadas no registradas y registradas. Se están explorando algunas conclusiones sobre el papel potencial que podría desempeñar el sector privado en cuanto a su contribución para lograr los objetivos de “educación para todos”. Open image in new window


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Education, Communication and Language SciencesUniversity of NewcastleTyneEngland
  2. 2.University of Cape Coast, University Post OfficeCape CoastGhana

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