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Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 253–261 | Cite as

Adiponectin and PPAR: a setup for intricate crosstalk between obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

  • Syeda Momna Ishtiaq
  • Haroon Rashid
  • Zulfia Hussain
  • Muhammad Imran Arshad
  • Junaid Ali KhanEmail author
Article
  • 174 Downloads

Abstract

Adiponectin, a soluble adipocytokine, plays an important role in the functioning of adipose tissue and in the regulation of inflammation, particularly hepatic inflammation. The adiponectin subsequently imparts a crucial role in metabolic and hepato-inflammatory diseases. The most recent evidences indicate that lipotoxicity-induced inflammation in the liver is associated with obesity-derived alterations and remolding in adipose tissue that culminates in most prevalent liver pathology named as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A comprehensive crosstalk of adiponectin and its cognate receptors, specifically adiponectin receptor-2 in the liver mediates ameliorative effects in obesity-induced NAFLD by interaction with hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Recent studies highlight the implication of molecular mediators mainly involved in the pathogenesis of obesity and obesity-driven NAFLD, however, the plausible mechanisms remain elusive. The present review aimed at collating the data regarding mechanistic approaches of adiponectin and adiponectin-activated PPARs as well as PPAR-induced adiponectin levels in attenuation of hepatic lipoinflammation. Understanding the rapidly occurring adiponectin-mediated pathophysiological outcomes might be of importance in the development of new therapies that can potentially resolve obesity and obesity-associated NAFLD.

Keywords

Adiponectin Obesity NAFLD PPAR 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by funds from Higher Education Commission, Islamabad, Pakistan project number 6380/Punjab/NRPU/R&D/HEC/2016 and 7538/Sindh/NRPU/R & D/HEC/2017 to J.A.K, 4613/Punjab/NRPU/HEC/2015 to MIA. SMI worked Research Assistant and got PhD fellowship from the project 6380/Punjab/NRPU/R&D/HEC/2016. Z.H. is recipient of Indigenous PhD Scholarship (PIN: 213-58222-2BM2-162) from Higher Education Commission, Islamabad, Pakistan.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and PharmacologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of MicrobiologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan

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