It is now almost 20 years since Janicaud’s critique of the ‘theological turn in French phenomenology’ (Janicaud 1991, 2000), with its emphasis on phenomenology and theology as two and never one. Yet since that time there been an explosion of phenomenologies which are, if not overtly, implicitly religious and phenomenology. Thus, we have phenomenologies of prayer, or love, or hope, and the possibilities of further phenomenologies. The challenge of these emerging phenomenologies is that there seems to be no noematic correlate to a noesis in intentionality. To the fore in the reconsideration of this phenomenological challenge is Jean-Luc Marion (although there are others such as Levinas, Jean-Louis Chrétien, and Michel Henry): all aspects of lived experience appear now to belong to the proper scope of phenomenology. Marion considers the relation in Husserl between intentions and intuitions which fulfil these intentions, and suggests a reversal. In Marion, although intentionality is not rejected, the phenomenological flow which the reduction brings to light is from the object as such as it gives itself in intuition, and then from intuition to intention. For Marion, phenomena are saturated—they give too much. Religion becomes a test-case for all phenomenology. This bearing, drawing mainly on The Visible and the Revealed, offers some of the key things in Marion’s phenomenology.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Althaus-Reid M. (2000) Indecent theology: Theological perversions in sex, gender, and politics. Routledge, London
Benson B. E., Wirzba N. (2005) The phenomenology of prayer. Fordham Univesity Press, New York
Benson B. E., Wirzba N. (2010) Words of life: New theological turns in French phenomenology. Fordham University Press, New York
Blanchot M. (1982) Space of literature. University of Nebraska Press, London
Chrétien J.-L. (2002) The unforgettable and the unhoped for. Fordham University Press, Fordham
De Vries H. (2005) Minimal theologies: Critiques of secular reason in Adorno and Levinas. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore
Derrida J. (1973) Speech and phenomena, and other essays in Husserl’s phenomenology. Northwestern University Press, Chicago
Gerwitz A. (1941) The Cartesian circle. The Philosophical Review 50(4): 368–395
Hart, K. (eds) (2007) Counter-experiences: Reading Jean-Luc Marion. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame
Heidegger M. (1978) Being and time. Blackwell, Oxford
Hopkins G. M. (2009) ‘God’s Grandeur (1918)’, Gerard Manley Hopkins: The major works. Oxford University Press, Oxford
Husserl E. (1970) The crisis of European science and transcendental phenomenology: An introduction to phenomenological philosophy. Northwestern University Press, Evanston
Husserl, E. (1983). Ideas pertaining to a pure phenomenology and to a phenomenological philosophy (Vol. 1, §§84–99, §124, §§128–133). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Janicaud D. (1991) Le tournant théologique de la phenomenology française. Editions de l’Eclat, Paris
Janicaud D. (1998) La phenomenology eclatée. Editions de l’Eclat, Paris
Janicaud D. (2000) The theological turn in French phenomenology. Fordham University Press, New York
Janicaud D. (2005) Phenomenology “wide open”. Fordham University Press, New York
Kant I. (1982) Critique of pure reason. MacMillan Press, London
Kosky J. L. (2001) Levinas and the philosophy of religion. Indiana University Press, Bloomington
Levinas E. (1978) Existence and existents. M Nijhoff, The Hague
Levinas E. (1979) Totality and infinity. M Nijhoff, The Hague
Levinas E. (1990) Difficult freedom. Athlone Press, London
Levinas E. (2000) God, death, and time. Stanford University Press, Stanford
Levinas E. (2001) Is it righteous to be? Interviews with Emmanuel Levinas. Stanford University Press, Stanford
Marion J.-L. (2001) The idol and distance. Fordham University Press, Fordham
Marion J.-L. (2005) Le Visible et le Révélé. Editions du Cerf, Paris
Marion J.-L. (2008) The Visible and the revealed. Fordham University Press, New York
Nemo P. (1998) Job and the excess of evil. Duquesne University Press, Pittsburgh
Nieman S. (2004) Evil in modern thought: An alternative history of philosophy. Princeton University Press, New York
Purcell M. (2003) Justice as an aporia in Levinas? Explorations in contemporary continental philosophy of religion. Rodopi, Amsterdam
About this article
Cite this article
Purcell, M. IJPR: beyond the limit and limiting the beyond. Int J Philos Relig 68, 121–138 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11153-010-9255-4
- Jean-Luc Marion