Agarawal, A., Jeffe, J., & Mandelker, G. (1992). The post-merger performance of acquiring firms: A re-examination of an anomaly. Journal of Finance, 47(4), 1605–1621.
Ashenfelter, O., Hosken, D., & Weinberg, M. (2013). The price effects of a large merger of manufacturers: A case study of maytag-whirlpool. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 5(1), 239–261.
Baker, J. (1999). Econometric analysis in FTC v. staples. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 18(1), 11–21.
Berenson, R., Ginsburg, P., Christianson, J., & Yee, T. (2012). The growing power of some providers to win steep payment increases from insurers suggests policy remedies may be needed. Health Affairs, 31(5), 973–981.
Bok, D. (1960). Section 7 of the Clayton Act the merging of law and economics. Harvard Law Review, 74(2), 226–355.
Bresnahan, T., & Suslow, V. (1989). Oligopoly pricing with capacity constraints. Annales D’Economie et de Statisique, 15/16, 267–289.
Brueckner, J., Lee, D., & Singer, E. (2013). Airline competition and domestic U.S. airfares: A comprehensive reappraisal. Economics of Transportation, 2(1), 1–17.
Carstensen, P. (2015). The Philadelphia National Bank presumption: Merger analysis in a dynamic economy. Antitrust Law Journal, 80(2), 219–267.
Carstensen, P., & Lande, R. (2018). The merger incipiency doctrine and the importance of “redundant” competitor. Wisconsin Law Review 2018(4) (forthcoming). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://ssrn.com/abstract=3134480.
Carstensen, P., & Questal, N. (1978). The use of Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act to attack large conglomerate mergers. Cornell Law Review, 63(5), 841.
Cummins, J., Tennyson, S., & Weiss, M. (1999). Consolidation and efficiency in the US life insurance industry. Journal of Banking & Finance, 23(2), 325–357.
Domina, D., & Taylor, C. (2010). The debilitating effects of concentration markets affecting agriculture. Drake Journal of Agricultural Law, 15, 61–505.
Easterbrook, F. (1984). The limits of antitrust. Texas Law Review, 63(1), 1–1591.
Ghosh, A. (2001). Does operating performance really improve following corporate acquisitions? Journal of Corporate Finance, 7(2), 151–178.
Hovenkamp, H., & Shapiro, C. (2018). Horizontal mergers, market structure, and burdens of proof. SSRN Electronic Journal. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/shapiro/structuralpresumption.pdf.
Kaplow, L. (2010). Why (ever) define markets? Harvard Law Review, 124(2), 437–515.
Khan, L. (2017). Amazon’s antitrust paradox. Yale Law Journal, 126(3), 710–894.
Kwoka, J. (2013). Does merger control work? A retrospective on U.S. enforcement actions and merger outcomes. Antitrust Law Journal, 78(3), 619–650.
Kwoka, J. (2017). The structural presumption and the safe harbor in merger review: False positives or unwarranted concerns? Antitrust Law Journal, 81(3), 837–872.
Kwoka, J., & Gu, C. (2015). Predicting merger outcomes: How accurate are event studies, market structure determinants, and agency decisions? Journal of Law and Economics, 58(3), 519–543.
Milbourn, T., Boot, A., & Thakor, A. (1999). Megamergers and expanding scope: Theories of bank size and activity diversity. Journal of Banking & Finance, 23(2), 195–214.
Miller, N., & Weinberg, M. (2017). Understanding the price effects of the MillerCoors joint venture. Econometrica, 85(6), 1763–1791.
Mitchell, J. (1969). Address by attorney general mitchell. Trade Regulation Reporter, 3(50), 55.
Mueller, D., & Sirower, M. (2003). The causes of mergers: Tests based on the gains to acquiring firms’ shareholders and the size of premia. Managerial and Decision Economics, 24(5), 373–391.
Peters, C. (2006). Evaluating the performance of merger simulation: evidence from the U.S. airline industry. Journal of Law and Economics, 49(2), 627–649.
Posner, R. (1975). The social costs of monopoly and regulation. Journal of Political Economy, 83(4), 807–827.
Shapiro, C. (2010). The 2010 horizontal merger guidelines: From hedgehog to fox in forty years. Antitrust Law Journal, 77(1), 49–107.
Bahree, B. (1999). Oil mergers leave investors gushing but do the combinations really work? [electronic version]. Wall Street Journal, July 22, 1999. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from www.wsj.com/articles/SB932592913980475039.
Buck, T (2005). Court upholds EU ban on GE-Honeywell merger. Financial Times, December 14, 2005. Retrieved March 19, 2018, from https://www.ft.com/content/420694e0-6c8b-11da-90c2-0000779e2340.
Chasan, E. & Murphy, M. (2013). Companies get more wiggle room on soured deals [electronic version]. Wall Street Journal, November 11, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304868404579191940788875848.
Lipin, S., & Deogun, N. (2000). Big mergers of the ’90s prove disappointing to shareholders [electronic version]. Wall Street Journal, October 31, 2000. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from www.wsj.com/articles/SB972860303890013995.
Lohr, S. (2011). In T-mobile suit, consumers are central. New York Times, September 1, 2011.
Manjoo, F. (2014). T-mobile turns an industry on its ear. New York Times, February 27, 2014.
Pear, R., Abelson, R., & Armedariz, A. (2015). Cost of coverage under affordable care act to increase in 2015. New York Times, November 14, 2014.
Roy, A. (2011). Hospital monopolies: The biggest driver of health costs that nobody talks about. Forbes, August 22, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from www.forbes.com/sites/theapothecary/2011/08/22/hospital-monopolies-the-biggest-driver-of-health-costs-that-nobody-talks-about/.
Strom, S. (2015). Giant food companies pay later, squeezing their suppliers. New York Times, April 7, 2015.
Chen, J. (2008). Telecommunications Mergers. In P. C. Carstensen & S. B. Farmer (Eds.), Competition policy and merger analysis in deregulated and newly competitive industries (pp. 52–83). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
DeGraba, P. (2009). Coordinated effects and standards of proof: The arch coal merger. In J. Kwoka & L. White (Eds.), The antitrust revolution (5th ed., p. 89). New York: Oxford University Press.
Schmalensee, R. (1989). Inter-industry studies of structure and performance. In R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (Eds.), Handbook of industrial organization (pp. 951–988). New York: Elsevier.
Kwoka, J. (2015). Mergers, merger control, and remedies: A retrospective analysis of U.S. policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Martin, S. (2002). Advanced industrial economics (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.
Mendenhall, W. (1971). Introduction to probability and statistics (3rd ed.). Boston: Duxbury Press.
Scherer, F., & Ravenscraft, D. (1987). Mergers, sell-offs, and economic efficiency. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Weiss, L. (Ed.). (1989). Concentration and price. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Barnes, S., et al. (1955). The attorney general’s national committee to study the antitrust laws.
Coakley, M. (2013). Office of attorney general Martha Coakley: Examination of health care cost trends and cost drivers pursuant to G.L. c. 6D, § 8 (April 24, 2013). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from www.mass.gov/ago/docs/healthcare/2013-hcctd.pdf.
DOJ. (1968). 1968 merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.justice.gov/archives/atr/1968-merger-guidelines.
DOJ. (1982). 1982 merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.justice.gov/archives/atr/1982-merger-guidelines.
DOJ. (1984). 1984 merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.justice.gov/archives/atr/1984-merger-guidelines.
DOJ. (2006). Statement on the closing of its investigation of whirlpool’s acquisition of maytag (press release; antitrust division). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://www.justice.gov/archive/atr/public/press_releases/2006/215326.htm.
DOJ. (2007). Decision to close its investigation of Smithfield Inc.’s Acquisition of Premium Standard Farms Inc. (press release; antitrust division). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://www.justice.gov/archive/atr/public/press_releases/2007/223077.htm.
DOJ & FTC. (1992). 1992 merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.justice.gov/archives/atr/1992-merger-guidelines.
DOJ & FTC. (1997). 1997 merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.justice.gov/archives/atr/1997-merger-guidelines.
DOJ & FTC. (2006). Commentary on the horizontal merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2008, from https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/attachments/merger-review/commentaryonthehorizontalmergerguidelinesmarch2006.pdf.
DOJ & FTC. (2010). 2010 horizontal merger guidelines. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.ftc.gov/sites/default/files/attachments/merger-review/100819hmg.pdf.
FTC. (2017). The FTC’s merger remedies 2006–2012: A report of the bureaus of competition and economics. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/reports/ftcs-merger-remedies-2006-2012-report-bureaus-competition-economics/p143100_ftc_merger_remedies_2006-2012.pdf.
Klobuchar, A. (2017). S.1812-consolidation prevention and competition promotion act of 2017, 115th congress (2017–2018). https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/senate-bill/1812/text.
Simons, J. (2018). Answers to questionnaire. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.commerce.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/6c4149af-3023-4825-90f1-3c38e279fd0d/6A0CCF409AF89DC8D5C0A84CE8730012.confidential—simons—committee-questionnaire-redacted.pdf.
Blonigen, B., & Pierce, J. (2016). Evidence for the effects of mergers on market power and efficiency (NBER working paper no. 22750).
De Loecker, J., & Eeckhout, J. (2017). The rise of market power and the macroeconomic implications (working paper). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://www.janeeckhout.com/wp-content/uploads/RMP.pdf.
Kwoka, J., Alepin, P., & Hearle, K. (2013). Segmented competition in airlines: The changing roles of low-cost and legacy carriers in fare determination (unpublished manuscript). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from ssrn.com/abstract=2212860.
Malmendier, U., Moretti, E., & Peters, F. (2012). Winning by losing: Evidence on the long-run effects of mergers (NBER working paper no. 18024, April 2012). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from www.nber.org/papers/w18024.
Morton, F., Romaine, R., & Graff, S. (2015). Benefits of preserving consumers’ ability to compare airline fares (working paper, May 2015, pp. 45–52). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://www.traveltech.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/CRA.TravelTech.Study_.pdf.
Arrow-Hart. (1934). Arrow-Hart & Hegeman Electric Co. v. Federal Trade Commission, 291 U.S. 587 (1934).
Bethlehem Steel. (1958). United States v. Bethlehem Steel Corp., 168 F. Supp. 576 (S.D. N.Y. 1958).
Brown Shoe. (1962). Brown Shoe Co. v. United States, 370 U.S. 294 (1962).
Citizens & Southern. (1975). United States v. Citizens and Southern National Bank, 422 U.S. 86 (1975).
Columbia Steel. (1948). United States v. Columbia Steel Co., 334 U.S. 495 (1948).
Continental Can. (1964). United States v. Continental Can Co., 378 U.S. 441 (1964).
DuPont-GM. (1957). United States v. E.I. Du Pont de Nemours and Co., 353 U.S. 586 (1957).
DuPont-GM. (1961). United States v. E.I. Du Pont de Nemours and Co., 366 U.S. 316 (1961).
General Dynamics. (1974). United States v. General Dynamics Corp., 415 U.S. 486 (1974).
Marine Bancorporation. (1974). United States v. Marine Bancorporation, Inc., 418 U.S. 602 (1974).
PNB. (1963). United States v. Philadelphia National Bank, 374 U.S. 321 (1963).
Southeast Milk. (2014). In re Se. Milk Antitrust Litigation, 739 F.3d 262 (6th Cir. 2014).
Western Meat. (1926). Federal Trade Commission v. Western Meat Co. and Thatcher Mfg. Co., 272 U.S. 554 (1926).