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Review of Economics of the Household

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 295–325 | Cite as

The long run health returns to college quality

  • Jason M. Fletcher
  • David E. FrisvoldEmail author
Article

Abstract

The link between education and health is one of the most robust empirical relationships in the social sciences. However, little research has examined the effects of educational quality on health outcomes. We estimate the long run relationship between health behaviors and graduating from a selective college in the 1960s using the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, which has tracked siblings for over 50 years. Importantly, we control for measures of health endowments, ability, and time preferences before college enrollment as well as shared family and environmental factors. We find large effects of college selectivity on reducing overweight for individuals in their 60s.

Keywords

Health production College quality Obesity 

JEL Classification

I12 I21 J24 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the WLS pilot grant program (Fletcher and Frisvold), the National Institute on Aging (R01 AG027045, Fletcher), the Emory Global Health Institute (Frisvold), and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Fletcher and Frisvold). The authors thank Griffin Edwards and John Zimmerman for excellent research assistance and participants at the Academy Health, American Society of Health Economists, Annual Meeting on the Economics of Risky Behaviors, APPAM, and Southern Economic Association conferences, Dhaval Dave, Ezra Golberstein, Bo MacInnis, Dave Marcotte, and Jim Marton for helpful comments. This research uses data from the WLS of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Since 1991, the WLS has been supported principally by the National Institute on Aging (AG-9775 and AG-21079), with additional support from the Vilas Estate Trust, the National Science Foundation, the Spencer Foundation, and the Graduate School of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. A public use file of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study is available from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 and at http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/wlsresearch/data/. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors. In particular, the authors thank Carol Roan for assistance with the restricted college data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public HealthYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society ScholarColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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