Reading and Writing

, Volume 21, Issue 1–2, pp 71–93 | Cite as

Self-regulated strategy development instruction for writing an opinion essay: Effects for six students with emotional/behavior disorders

  • Linda H. Mason
  • James G. Shriner


A multiple-probe across-subjects design was used to examine persuasive writing performance of six 2nd- through 5th- grade students with emotional/behavior disorders (EBD). Students’ writing was evaluated before and after self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) instruction for the POW (Pick my idea, Organize my notes, Write and say more) + TREE (Topic sentence, Reasons – three or more, Ending, Examine) strategy. Students’ essays written during and immediately after instruction indicated that the students had learned to write independently a persuasive essay with five parts. Generalization and maintenance performance, however, varied across students and appeared to be associated with behavior as opposed to the inability to transfer or remember the strategy.


Behavior Disorders Essay Instruction Strategy writing 



Preparation of this article was funded by Campus Research Board Grant, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. The authors would like to thank Rahul Ganguly, Yore Kedem, Diana Sukrham, and Ray Taft for their support in this project.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.210 CEDAR, Department of Educational and School Psychology and Special EducationThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.University of IllinoisUrbana-ChampaignUSA

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