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How do primary grade teachers teach handwriting? A national survey

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Abstract

A random sample of primary grade teachers from across the United States was surveyed about their instructional practices in handwriting. Nine out of every ten teachers indicated that they taught handwriting, averaging 70 minutes of instruction per week. Only 12% of teachers, however, indicated that the education courses taken in college adequately prepared them to teach handwriting. Despite this lack of formal preparation, the majority of teachers used a variety of recommended instructional practices for teaching handwriting. The application of such practices, though, was applied unevenly, raising concerns about the quality of handwriting instruction for all children.

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Correspondence to Steve Graham.

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Preparation of this paper was supported by the Center to Accelerate Student Learning, funded by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs Grant H324V980001.

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Graham, S., Harris, K.R., Mason, L. et al. How do primary grade teachers teach handwriting? A national survey. Read Writ 21, 49–69 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-007-9064-z

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