The Review of Austrian Economics

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 191–204 | Cite as

Liberalism, nationalism, and self-determination: Ludwig von Mises’s Nation, State, Economy after 100 years

  • Richard M. EbelingEmail author


This year, 2019, marks the 100th anniversary of the publication of Ludwig von Mises’s lesser known book, Nation, State, and Economy, which appeared in the immediate aftermath of the First World War. One of its leading themes was to trace out the interactions between language, nationalism, and the emergence of the political movement for national self-determination. On this basis, Mises formulated an explanation of nationalist imperialism within parts of, especially, Central and Eastern Europe where there were territories with overlapping linguistic or ethnic groups. Out of this came his proposed answer to national and ethnic conflicts through a system of plebiscites for a greater degree of individual self-determination to minimize intergroup tensions between and within nation-states. His proposal is then applied for an analysis of the recent international controversies over the Russian annexation of Crimea and the United Kingdom’s vote to secede from the European Union.


Liberalism Nationalism Self-determination Brexit Crimea Hapsburg monarchy Ludwig von mises 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Baker School of BusinessThe Citadel: Military College of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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