The Review of Austrian Economics

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 425–441 | Cite as

Response to reviewers on “The Tyranny of Experts”

  • William EasterlyEmail author


I respond to the three excellent reviewers, who have covered well some of the most difficult issues raised by the arguments in The Tyranny of Experts. These include the good intentions of aid officials supporting autocrats, the role of Western history and current Western travails in the debate on freedom, distinguishing good and bad experts, advocating principles vs. tangible interventions, the serious flaws of democracy and not overstating the case for democracy, the question of whether some academics are also technocrats, the value of freedom as an end in itself, and the definition of democracy as to whether it includes individual rights. Finally and most controversially, I address the biggest question raised by the reviewers (and many others): what should we do? I say why I believe this question is the wrong one, why I refuse to answer it, and suggest more constructive ways to debate freedom and development.


Individual rights Economic freedom Political freedom Economic development Foreign aid Institutions 

JEL classification

B1 B2 D64 F35 F53 F54 H1 N00 O1 O2 O3 O4 P1 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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