Health-related quality of life scores of typically developing children and adolescents around the world: a meta-analysis with meta-regression

Abstract

Purpose

In the context of identifying consequences and evaluating interventions for rare diseases, health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures are often used. Conclusions about HRQL are difficult to make as the participants are likely drawn from different countries. A global estimate of HRQL with estimates of variation would permit pooling of data from diverse sources. The aim was to estimate a global HRQL score of typically developing children and adolescents on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) and to identify sources of variation across studies.

Methods

A systematic search was conducted in December 2018 on four databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Inclusion criteria were all population health studies or validation studies using the self-report version of the PedsQL™ for typically developing children aged 5 to 18 years. Quality appraisal was conducted using the Appraisal Tool for Cross-Sectional Studies. Meta-analysis and meta-regression were conducted.

Results

A total of 66 studies with a sample size of 67,805 participants were included in this analysis. The average QOL score across all studies was 80.9 (CI 78.6–83.2). Univariate analyses showed that region, minimum age of sample and income of country, was associated with the total HRQL score. Subgroup analysis showed that there was an effect of age and region on HRQL scores.

Conclusion

Results of this review provide ranges of pediatric HRQL across personal factors and regions that can be used for normative comparisons of HRQL. Interpretation of scores on generic measures should always take into consideration the contextual influences in the child’s life.

Registration

PROSPERO, CRD42019128313 https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/display_record.php?ID=CRD42019128313.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Ms. Jill Boruff from McGill University Library for her assistance with the search strategy.

Funding

This study was supported by funds provided by the Montreal Children’s Hospital Foundation.

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Both authors conceptualized and designed the study, reviewed the articles, drafted the initial manuscript, and reviewed and revised the manuscript. All authors approved the final manuscript as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

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Correspondence to Nikki Ow.

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Ow, N., Mayo, N.E. Health-related quality of life scores of typically developing children and adolescents around the world: a meta-analysis with meta-regression. Qual Life Res 29, 2311–2332 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02519-0

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Keywords

  • Health related quality of life
  • PedsQL
  • Pediatrics
  • Measurement