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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 717–726 | Cite as

The influence of acculturation strategies in quality of life by immigrants in Northern Chile

  • Alfonso UrzúaEmail author
  • Rodrigo Ferrer
  • Valentina Canales Gaete
  • Dominique Núñez Aragón
  • Ivanna Ravanal Labraña
  • Bárbara Tabilo Poblete
Article

Abstract

Purpose

To establish the influence of acculturation strategies on quality of life, henceforth QoL.

Methods

Using a cross-sectional design, two questionnaires were applied, the WHOQoL-BREF from the World Health Organization and Basabe’s acculturation strategies. The questionnaires were applied to 853 Colombian and Peruvian immigrants living in Northern Chilean cities of Arica, Antofagasta and Santiago de Chile.

Results

In the psychological and social domains, as well as in the overall assessment of QoL, the most beneficial strategies are those where customs are maintained from the homeland, where “integration” then “separation” are the most beneficial. On the contrary, when the strategy for maintaining homeland customs is low, the QoL tends to be lower. The strategy of “marginalized” is associated with a lower QoL.

Conclusions

Acculturation strategies mildly or moderately affect the psychological and social domains of quality of life as well as the overall assessment of QoL.

Keywords

Immigration Quality of life Acculturation 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was funded by the National Commission on Science and Technology, Government of Chile—CONICYT, through FONDECYT 1140843 project, which had no influence on the study design, data collection, analysis or interpretation of data or preparation, review or approval of this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

The study was conducted in accordance with principles of Good Clinical Practice and was approved by the CONICYT Bioethics Committee and the committee of scientific ethics at the Catholic University of the North.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Escuela de PsicologíaUniversidad Católica del NorteAntofagastaChile
  2. 2.Dpto. de PsicologíaUniversidad de TarapacáAricaChile

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