Quality of Life Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 2725–2737 | Cite as

Interventions that improve health-related quality of life in patients with myocardial infarction

  • Kyoungrim Kang
  • Leila Gholizadeh
  • Sally C. Inglis
  • Hae-Ra Han
Review

Abstract

Purpose

Patients with myocardial infarction (MI) often report lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) than those without MI. Interventions can affect HRQoL of these patients. The purpose of this review was to identify effective strategies for improving HRQoL among individuals with MI.

Methods

Three electronic databases were searched and limited to articles peer-reviewed and published in English between 1995 and 2015. We screened titles and abstracts of the retrieved articles for studies that examined effectiveness of interventions to improve HRQoL in patients with MI.

Results

Twenty-three studies were found that examined the effects of behavioural interventions—cardiac rehabilitation programmes (CRP), education and counselling programmes, and other psychological and cognitive interventions—to improve HRQoL in patients with MI. The studies included were mainly randomised controlled trials (14 studies) with a wide age range of participants (18–80 years) and a mean age group of 50–70 years. CRPs, including home- and hospital-based CRPs, regular weekly aerobic training programmes, and group counselling mostly resulted in improvement of HRQoL in patients with MI.

Conclusion

Most CRPs and other interventions were beneficial to MI patients. Therefore, patients with MI should be encouraged to participate in programmes that can help promote their HRQoL.

Keywords

Health-related quality of life Myocardial infarction Interventions Cardiac rehabilitation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyoungrim Kang
    • 1
  • Leila Gholizadeh
    • 1
  • Sally C. Inglis
    • 1
  • Hae-Ra Han
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Technology SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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