Quality of Life Research

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 1275–1280 | Cite as

Cultural adaptation and psychometric assessment of Pain Catastrophizing Scale among young healthy Malay-speaking adults in military settings

  • F. H. Mohd Din
  • Victor C. W. Hoe
  • C. K. Chan
  • M. A. Muslan
Brief Communication

Abstract

Purpose

The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is designed to assess negative thoughts in response to pain. It is composed of three domains: helplessness, rumination, and magnification. We report on the translation, adaptation, and validation of scores on a Malay-speaking version of the PCS, the PCS-MY.

Method

Guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptations of assessment measures were implemented. A sample of 303 young military recruits participated in the study. Factor structure, reliability, and validity of scores on the PCS-MY were examined. Convergent validity was investigated with the Positive and Negative Affect Scale, Short-form 12 version 2, and Ryff’s Psychological Well-being Scale.

Results

Most participants were men, ranging in age from 19 to 26. The reliability of the PCS-MY scores was adequate (α = 0.90; mean inter-item correlation = 0.43). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that a modified version of the PCS-MY provided best fit estimates to the sample data. The PCS-MY total score was negatively correlated with mental well-being and positively correlated with negative affect (all ps < 0.001).

Conclusion

The PCS-MY was demonstrated to have adequate reliability and validity estimates in the study sample.

Keywords

Soldier Quality of life Negative thoughts Mental health Psychological health 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. H. Mohd Din
    • 1
    • 4
  • Victor C. W. Hoe
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. K. Chan
    • 3
  • M. A. Muslan
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health-UM (COEHUM)University of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Centre for Poverty & Development Studies (CPDS), Faculty of Economics & AdministrationUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  4. 4.Malaysian Armed Forces Health ServicesMalaysian Armed ForcesKuala LumpurMalaysia

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