Cultural adaptation and psychometric assessment of Pain Catastrophizing Scale among young healthy Malay-speaking adults in military settings
The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is designed to assess negative thoughts in response to pain. It is composed of three domains: helplessness, rumination, and magnification. We report on the translation, adaptation, and validation of scores on a Malay-speaking version of the PCS, the PCS-MY.
Guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptations of assessment measures were implemented. A sample of 303 young military recruits participated in the study. Factor structure, reliability, and validity of scores on the PCS-MY were examined. Convergent validity was investigated with the Positive and Negative Affect Scale, Short-form 12 version 2, and Ryff’s Psychological Well-being Scale.
Most participants were men, ranging in age from 19 to 26. The reliability of the PCS-MY scores was adequate (α = 0.90; mean inter-item correlation = 0.43). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that a modified version of the PCS-MY provided best fit estimates to the sample data. The PCS-MY total score was negatively correlated with mental well-being and positively correlated with negative affect (all ps < 0.001).
The PCS-MY was demonstrated to have adequate reliability and validity estimates in the study sample.
KeywordsSoldier Quality of life Negative thoughts Mental health Psychological health
- 14.Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60.Google Scholar
- 15.Ware, J. E., Kosinski, M., Turner-Bowker, D. M., & Gandek, B. (2002). How to score version 2 of the SF-12 Health Survey (with a supplement documenting version 1) Lincoln. RI: QualityMetric Incorporated.Google Scholar
- 17.Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. R. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- 19.Monticone, M., Baiardi, P., Ferrari, S., Foti, C., Mugnai, R., Pillastrini, P., et al. (2012). Development of the Italian version of the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS-I): cross-cultural adaptation, factor analysis, reliability, validity and sensitivity to change. Quality of Life Research, 21(6), 1045–1050.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 22.Nunnally, J. C. (1970). Introduction to psychological measurement: McGraw-Hill. Tokyo: Kogakusha.Google Scholar