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The effect of Tai Chi on health-related quality of life in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes: a randomized controlled trial

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim was to assess the effects of a Tai Chi–based program on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes who were not on medication for glucose control.

Method

41 participants were randomly allocated to either a Tai Chi intervention group (N = 20) or a usual medical-care control group (N = 21). The Tai Chi group involved 3 × 1.5 h supervised and group-based training sessions per week for 12 weeks. Indicators of HR-QOL were assessed by self-report survey immediately prior to and after the intervention.

Results

There were significant improvements in favor of the Tai Chi group for the SF36 subscales of physical functioning (mean difference = 5.46, 95 % CI = 1.35–9.57, P < 0.05), role physical (mean difference = 18.60, 95 % CI = 2.16–35.05, P < 0.05), bodily pain (mean difference = 9.88, 95 % CI = 2.06–17.69, P < 0.05) and vitality (mean difference = 9.96, 95 % CI = 0.77–19.15, P < 0.05).

Conclusions

The findings show that this Tai Chi program improved indicators of HR-QOL including physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain and vitality in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes who were not on diabetes medication.

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Fig. 1

Abbreviations

HR-QOL:

Health-related quality of life

PA:

Physical activity

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Acknowledgments

This research was funded by a grant from the Diabetes Australia Research Trust and an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) program grant (ID 301200). At the time of preparing this paper, NWB was supported by an NHMRC Program Grant (ID 569940) and XL was supported by a National Heart Foundation and beyondblue Strategic Research Project (ID G 08B 4034). We acknowledge the support of The University of Queensland St John’s College in providing the training venue for this trial. We especially acknowledge the study participants. The authors have no relevant conflict of interest to disclose.

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All authors have no financial disclosure.

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Correspondence to Xin Liu.

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Liu, X., Miller, Y.D., Burton, N.W. et al. The effect of Tai Chi on health-related quality of life in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Qual Life Res 22, 1783–1786 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0311-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0311-7

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