Quality & Quantity

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 1459–1478 | Cite as

Comparative advantages of China’s wind energy products: a Belt-and-Road perspective

  • Zhihui Leng
  • Jing Shuai
  • Fubin Huang
  • Zihan Wang
  • Chuanmin ShuaiEmail author


By adopting the constant market share model and revealed comparative advantage approach, this paper measured the long-term trends of the comparative advantages of China’s wind energy products, based on the UN Comtrade data of 2007–2016 from the Belt and Road perspective. The results indicate that: (1) the international competitiveness of wind energy products in China is constantly increasing, and the competition effect has become the dominant factor for export growth; (2) China’s exports of wind energy products to the Belt and Road countries have been continuously rising, especially in the ASEAN and South Asian markets; (3) the export structure of China’s wind energy products has been optimized with a limited degree; (4) China’s wind energy products have a small market share in the markets where the import demand growth increases rapidly; and (5) the comparative advantages of China’s wind energy products have been on the rise in the past decade, yet the overall comparative advantages are still weak. Finally, relevant policy recommendations are proposed accordingly based on the above conclusions.


Belt and Road Initiative Wind energy Comparative advantage Constant market share (CMS) model Revealed comparative advantage (RCA) 



(1) Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China (NSSFC): Systematic Evaluation on the Operating Mechanism of Poverty Reduction Performances of Solar PV Projects and Policy Innovations (17ZDA085); (2) Fundamental Research Funds for China’s Central Universities (Grant No. G1323521714): Research on the Complementarity and Cooperation Potential between China and the “Belt and Road” Countries; and (3) This research is also supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (No. CUG170101).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhihui Leng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jing Shuai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fubin Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zihan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chuanmin Shuai
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagementChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Research Center of Resource and Environmental EconomicsChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

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