Quality & Quantity

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 1081–1102 | Cite as

Validation of a social cohesion theoretical framework: a multiple group SEM strategy

  • Gianmaria Bottoni


Social cohesion dates back to the end of the nineteenth century. Back then, society experienced epochal transformations, as are also happening nowadays. Whenever there are epochal changes, a social order (cohesion) matter arises. The paper provides a conceptual scheme of social cohesion identifying its constituent dimensions subdivided by three spheres (macro, meso, micro) and two perspectives (objective and subjective). The overarching aim is to test the validity of the operationalization of the social cohesion model provided. Firstly, we conducted an exploratory factor analysis introducing an approach implemented in Mplus named exploratory structural equation modeling that shows several useful characteristics. Afterward, through a structural equation modeling approach, we performed several confirmatory factor analyses adopting a multiple group SEM strategy in order to cross-validate the social cohesion model.


Social cohesion Structural equation modeling Multiple group SEM 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.“La Sapienza” Università di RomaRomaItaly

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