Quality & Quantity

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 1041–1055 | Cite as

Mapping global sustainability report scoring: a detailed analysis of Europe and Asia

  • Mario González
  • María del Mar Alonso-Almeida
  • David Dominguez


This study maps the General Reporting Initiative (GRI) relations for a set of global enterprises. Enterprise interrelationships are built using the Mutual Information (MI) of the data reported by enterprises. From the MI topology, we describe interrelationships among the enterprises using chord diagrams to represent the inter- and intra-connectivity between geographical regions and economic sectors globally , by continent and country. Detailed maps are presented for European and Asian regions/sectors, including the relationship between Europe and Asia’s top reporting countries. Our findings reinforce previous research regarding the role of Europe as a driver of sustainability and its influence worldwide. We also determined that Spain is a major player in Europe and that Northern Europe does not have the assumed leading role mentioned in related studies. Eastern Asia is, by far, the leader of the region, and the GRI maps demonstrate the preponderant role of China in the region and the minimal role of India. MI topology maps outline the behavior of the economic sectors, for all the studied regions. Furthermore, a measure that relates the inter- to intra-connections is presented to describe the internal an external relationships among regions/sectors.


Global reporting initiative (GRI) Mutual information topology GRI inter- and intra-connectivities GRI regions and sectors 



This work has been funded by UNEMI 2015CONVP01-001 research grant and DITC UDLA.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FICAUniversidad de las AméricasQuitoEcuador
  2. 2.FACIUniversidad Estatal de MilagroGuayasEcuador
  3. 3.FCEEUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  4. 4.Escuela Politécnica SuperiorUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain

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