Quality & Quantity

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 1811–1819 | Cite as

Globalization and terrorism: an overview

  • Alam Khan
  • Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada


The world has become a global village. Drastic advances in technology and communication have intensified the ever increasing pace of globalization. This study is an attempt to examine globalization from an evolutional point of view. Furthermore, it evaluates whether or not terrorism is part of globalization. The interrelation between terrorism and globalization is subject to controversies. On one hand, some views assert that terrorism is spreading not because of globalization but because some people are excluded from globalization. On the other hand, certain views claim that globalization may be one of the main causes of the spread of terrorism because it assists terrorist groups to distribute their literature and enforce their views on like-minded people in other parts of the globe. In light of this background, the first section of this work defines the notion of globalization, the second section discusses the characteristic of globalization, the third section explores the history of globalization, the fourth section evaluates the existing controversies and fifth section presents the globalization Islamic view. The sixth section investigates whether or not terrorism is part of globalization, and the seventh section presents the conclusion.


Globalization Terrorism Terrorist Developing countries 

JEL Classification



  1. Batterson, R., Weidenbaum, M.L.: The Pros and Cons of Globalization. Center for the Study of American Business, Washington University, St. Louis (2001)Google Scholar
  2. Bockenforde, S.: JOSEPH S. NYE JR.: the paradox of American power why the world’s only superpower can’t go it alone. Internationale Politik Und Gesellschaft (1), 192–193 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. Breton, P., Scott, H., Sinclair, P.: International Trade, pp. 78–79. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1997)Google Scholar
  4. Britannica, E.: Time Almanac 2010. In: King, T., Anderson, M.J., Bauer, P., Lewis, R.M., Pletcher, K., Schreiber, B., Shepard, M.C. (eds.) Karen Jacobs Sparks y Amy Tikkanen. Time Inc, Chicago (2009)Google Scholar
  5. Cerny, P.G.: Paradoxes of the competition state: the dynamics of political globalization. Gov Oppos 32(02), 251–274 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Friedman, T.L.: The world is flat [updated and expanded]: a brief history of the twenty-first century. Macmillan, London (2006)Google Scholar
  7. Gaspar, K.M.: The Lumad’s Struggle in the Face of Globalization. Alternative Forum for Research in Mindanao, Davao (2000)Google Scholar
  8. Hanafi, H., al-Azm, S.J.: What is Globalization?, pp. 17–23. Dar al-Fikr, Damascus (2000)Google Scholar
  9. Harlan, E., Rahschulte, T.: History of globalization. Insights Chang. World J. (2), 18 (2011)Google Scholar
  10. Heidegger, M.: ‘The Thing’, in Poetry, Language, Thought, pp. 165–182. Harper & Row, New York (1950)Google Scholar
  11. Hveem, H.: Explaining the regional phenomenon in an era of globalization. Polit. Econ. Chang. Glob. Order 2, 70–81 (2000)Google Scholar
  12. Irwin, D.: Against the Tide an Intellectual History of Free Trade, pp. 1–231. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1998)Google Scholar
  13. Annan, K.: The Bottom Line is Hope, FIN. TIMES, Feb. 4 (2002)Google Scholar
  14. Lawrence, R.Z.: Regionalism, Multilateralism, and Deeper Integration. Brookings Institution, Washington, DC (1996)Google Scholar
  15. Lim, L.: Terrorism and globalization: an international perspective. Vand. J. Transnat’l L. 35, 703 (2002)Google Scholar
  16. Martinelli, R.J., Rahschulte, T., Waddell, J.M.: Leading Global Project Teams: The New Leadership Challenge. Multi-Media Publications, Oshawa (2010)Google Scholar
  17. McGrew, A.: A global society? Mod. Futur., 61–116 (1992)Google Scholar
  18. Moten, A.R.: Revolution to Revolution. Jumat-e-Islami in ther politics of Pakistan. Islamic Book Trust, Kulala Lumper (2002)Google Scholar
  19. Murphy, J.F.: Defining international terrorism: a way out of the quagmire. Israel Yearb. Hum. Rights 19, 13–37 (1990)Google Scholar
  20. Murphy, J.F.: Impact of Terrorism on Globalization and Vice-Versa. Paper presented at the Int’l L (2002)Google Scholar
  21. Ohame, K.: The End of the Nation State. Free Press, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  22. Pearce, J.A., Robinson, R.B.: Strategic Management: Formulation, Implementation, and Control. Irwin/McGraw-Hill, Boston (2000)Google Scholar
  23. Reich, S.: What is Globalization. Four Possible Answers, Kellog (1998)Google Scholar
  24. Renesch, J., Harman, W.W.: New Traditions in Business: Spirit and Leadership in the 21st Century. John Renesch, San Francisco (1992)Google Scholar
  25. Robertson, R.: Glocalization: time-space and homogeneity-heterogeneity. M. Featherstone et al. (Orgs.). Glob. Modern., 25–44 (1992)Google Scholar
  26. Rosenau, J.N.: The dynamics of globalization: toward an operational formulation. Secur. Dialogue 27(3), 247–262 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ruggie, J.G.: Territoriality and beyond: problematizing modernity in international relations. Int. Org. 47(01), 139–174 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ruiz Estrada, M.A.: Globalization and Regional Integration (2009)Google Scholar
  29. Scheuerman, W.: Globalization, from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2006)Google Scholar
  30. Scholte, J.A.: Globalization and modernity, a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association. San Diego, 15–20 (1996)Google Scholar
  31. Sideri, S.: Globalisation and regional integration. Reg. Dev. (23), 7 (2000)Google Scholar
  32. Shaw, G.B.: The Genuine Islam, vol. 1, no. 8 (1936)Google Scholar
  33. Tawney, R.H.: Religion and the Rise of Capitalism, vol. 23. Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick (1926)Google Scholar
  34. Zalloum, A.Y.: Painting Islam as the New Enemy: Globalization and Capitalism Crisis, p. 107. Crescent New, Kuala Lumpur (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and AdministrationUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations