Quality & Quantity

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 361–383 | Cite as

Economic growth, energy consumption and carbone dioxide emissions: recent evidence from panel data analysis for 58 countries

  • Kais SaidiEmail author
  • Sami Hammami


This paper investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption, \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) emissions and economic growth using dynamic simultaneous-equation panel data models for 58 countries over the period 1990–2012. We also estimate this relationship for three regional panels; namely, Europe and North Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East, North Africa, and the sub-Sahara African region. Our results indicate that there is a bidirectional causality relationship between energy consumption and economic growth for the four panels, while our results significantly reject the neo-classical assumption that energy is neutral for growth. Similarly, the results support the occurrence of a bidirectional causality relationship between energy consumption and \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) emissions for the four panels. A unidirectional causality running from \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) emissions to economic growth for the Latin American and Caribbean, which implies that, the environment degradation has a negative impact on economic growth.


Energy consumption Economic growth Carbon emission   Dynamic simultaneous-equations models 

JEL Classification

C33 O13 Q43 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and ManagementUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia

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