Quality & Quantity

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 675–689 | Cite as

Measuring web ecology by Facebook, Twitter, blogs and online news: 2012 general election in South Korea



This study aimed to provide an empirical and analytical account of online information flow and web ecology in four platforms around the 2012 general election in South Korea. The study quantitatively examined the interrelationship of web ecology among relevant platforms—including online news, blogs, Twitter and Facebook—during election campaigns. In order to quantify the current political situations, this study employed network analysis and the model fitting method with co-occurrence web visibility data of political parties and their leaders in four platforms. The findings demonstrated to what extent web ecologies on four different online platforms during the given election reflect the country’s political situation. Comparing network centralizations across platforms, results showed that online news was the least biased media and Twitter was the most biased with the highest centralization scores. Although both the ruling party and the major opposition party—including the leaders of those two parties—had higher degree centrality scores than minor parties and their leaders in all platforms, some distinct features were observed in Twitter and Facebook due to their attributes. In addition, regressions and their residuals confirmed that web ecologies in four platforms, in terms of degree centrality, had been linearly expanded over time and showed their individual characteristics.


Webecology Election Social media Blog Online news Facebook Twitter Social Media Webometrics Social Network analysis Communication Network Korea 



Many thanks go to research assistants, Ji-Young Park, Ji-Young Kim, Seoung-Cheol Choi, Ji-Yeun Kim, Yun-Cheol Heo, and Xanat Meza. Also, we are grateful to Editor and anonymous reviewers for their comments on earlier versions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Culture & Tourism Contents, College of Hotel Tourism ManagementKyung Hee UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.SOAS, University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Media and CommunicationYeungnam UniversityGyeongsanSouth Korea

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