Contradictions in fsQCA

Abstract

The lack of support for contradictions in fsQCA limits the method’s usefulness for conducting inductive research. In this paper, I describe how to extend fsQCA to accommodate contradictory conditions. I review kirq (Reichert and Rubinson 2011), a new software package for QCA that includes support for fuzzy-set contradictions. For researchers using software that does not support fuzzy-set contradictions, I describe how to identify them by hand.

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Correspondence to Claude Rubinson.

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Rubinson, C. Contradictions in fsQCA. Qual Quant 47, 2847–2867 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-012-9694-3

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Keywords

  • Qualitative comparative analysis
  • Fuzzy sets
  • Contradictions
  • Comparative research
  • Kirq