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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 89–94 | Cite as

Cornus mas (L.) Fruit as a Potential Source of Natural Health-Promoting Compounds: Physico-Chemical Characterisation of Bioactive Components

  • Marta De Biaggi
  • Dario Donno
  • Maria Gabriella Mellano
  • Isidoro Riondato
  • Ernest N. Rakotoniaina
  • Gabriele L. Beccaro
Original Paper

Abstract

Interest in new sources of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds has recently become a major research issue, with the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) receiving particular attention for its significant amounts of phenolic compounds and vitamins, which exhibit a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. This study was aimed at increasing knowledge regarding the cornelian cherry in Italy through the analysis of biologically active substances in the locally available genotype “Chieri”. Spectrophotometric methods were applied to evaluate antioxidant activity, total anthocyanin content and total polyphenolic content. Identification and quantification of the main phytochemical compounds (polyphenols, monoterpenes, organic acids and vitamin C) was performed via high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a diode array detector. C. mas extracts showed high levels of total soluble solids and low acidity. High amounts of phenolic secondary metabolites were observed, with particular reference to anthocyanins (134.71 mgC3G/100 gFW), which confer remarkable nutraceutical properties to the analysed samples. These results highlight the potential of C. mas fruits as a good source of natural antioxidants, suggesting their use as a functional food. Future studies should focus on identifying other specific phytochemical compounds and the genetic traits of local varieties in order to improve cornelian cherry cultivars for food and medicine production.

Keywords

Cornelian cherry Phytochemicals Anthocyanins Antioxidant activity Functional food 

Abbreviations

C3G

cyanidin-3-O-glucoside

FRAP

ferric reducing antioxidant power

FW

fresh weight

GAE

gallic acid equivalent

TA

titratable acidity

TAC

total anthocyanin content

TBCC

total bioactive compound content

TPC

total polyphenolic content

TSS

total soluble solids

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11130_2018_663_MOESM1_ESM.docx (34 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 33 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta De Biaggi
    • 1
  • Dario Donno
    • 1
  • Maria Gabriella Mellano
    • 1
  • Isidoro Riondato
    • 1
  • Ernest N. Rakotoniaina
    • 2
  • Gabriele L. Beccaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e AlimentariUniversità degli Studi di TorinoGrugliasco (TO)Italy
  2. 2.Département de Biologie et Écologie Végétales, Faculté des SciencesUniversité d’AntananarivoAntananarivoMadagascar

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