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Prunus persica var. platycarpa (Tabacchiera Peach): Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Pulp, Peel and Seed Ethanolic Extracts

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Abstract

A comparative analysis of ethanol extracts from peel, pulp and seed of Prunus persica var. platycarpa (Tabacchiera peach) was done. The total phenol, flavonoid and carotenoid content as well as the antioxidant properties by using different in vitro assays (DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, Fe-chelating, β-carotene bleaching test) were evaluated. Pulp extract was subjected to liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, protocatechualdehyde, chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, and ferulic acid were identified as main constituents. Pulp extract was characterized by the highest total phytonutrients content and exhibited the highest antioxidant activity in all in vitro assays (IC50 values of 2.2 μg/mL after 60 min of incubation by using β-carotene bleaching test and 2.9 μg/mL by using Fe-chelating assay). Overall, the obtained results suggest that P. persica var. platycarpa displays a good antioxidant activity and its consumption could be promoted.

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Fig. 1

Abbreviations

ABTS:

2,2′-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt

DPPH:

2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl

FRAP:

Ferric reducing ability power

ROS:

Reactive oxygen species

TEAC:

Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Dr. D. Sturino, Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Science, University of Calabria, for English revision of the manuscript. The authors are also grateful to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (project CTQ2012-30836), and to the Agency for Administration of University and Research Grants (Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain) (Project 2014 SGR-539).

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Rosa Tundis.

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Loizzo, M.R., Pacetti, D., Lucci, P. et al. Prunus persica var. platycarpa (Tabacchiera Peach): Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Pulp, Peel and Seed Ethanolic Extracts. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 70, 331–337 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-015-0498-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-015-0498-1

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