Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 69, Issue 4, pp 310–316 | Cite as

Filtered Molasses Concentrate from Sugar Cane: Natural Functional Ingredient Effective in Lowering the Glycaemic Index and Insulin Response of High Carbohydrate Foods

  • Alison G. Wright
  • Timothy P. Ellis
  • Leodevico L. Ilag
Original Paper

Abstract

An aqueous filtered molasses concentrate (FMC) sourced from sugar cane was used as a functional ingredient in a range of carbohydrate-containing foods to reduce glycaemic response. When compared to untreated controls, postprandial glucose responses in the test products were reduced 5–20 %, assessed by accredited glycaemic index (GI) testing. The reduction in glucose response in the test foods was dose-dependent and directly proportional to the ratio of FMC added to the amount of available carbohydrate in the test products. The insulin response to the foods was also reduced with FMC addition as compared to untreated controls. Inclusion of FMC in test foods did not replace any formulation ingredients; it was incorporated as an additional ingredient to existing formulations.

Filtered molasses concentrate, made by a proprietary and patented process, contains many naturally occurring compounds. Some of the identified compounds are known to influence carbohydrate metabolism, and include phenolic compounds, minerals and organic acids. FMC, sourced from a by-product of sugar cane processing, shows potential as a natural functional ingredient capable of modifying carbohydrate metabolism and contributing to GI reduction of processed foods and beverages.

Keywords

Filtered molasses Glycaemic index Reduced glycaemic response Reduced insulin response Carbohydrate metabolism 

Abbreviations

CE

Catechin equivalent (non-specific measure of phenolic activity)

FMC

Filtered molasses concentrate

GI

Glycemic index (measurement of 2 h postprandial glycemic response relative to pure glucose)

II

Insulinemic index or response (measurement of 2 hour postprandial insulin response relative to glucose)

ORAC

Oxygen-radical absorbance capacity (measure of antioxidant activity)

pmol/L

Picomole per litre

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alison G. Wright
    • 1
  • Timothy P. Ellis
    • 1
  • Leodevico L. Ilag
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Horizon Science Pty. LtdMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology InstituteUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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