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A Review on Botanical Species and Chemical Compounds with Appetite Suppressing Properties for Body Weight Control

Abstract

As obesity has reached epidemic proportions, the management of this global disease is of clinical importance. The availability and popularity of natural dietary supplements for the treatment of obesity has risen dramatically in recent years. The purpose of this paper was to review the effect of commonly available over the counter plant-derived supplements used to suppress appetite for obesity control and management. The data were obtained from the electronic databases PubMed, SpringerLink, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and MEDLINE with full text (via EBSCOHost) and the databases were accessed during late 2012 - early January 2013. The botanical species discussed in this review include Camellia sinensis, Caralluma fimbriata, Citrus aurantium, Coleus forskohlii, Garcinia cambogia and Phaseolus vulgaris. This review found that many botanical species including crude extracts and isolated compounds from plants have been shown to provide potentially promising therapeutic effects including appetite control and weight loss. However, many of these crude extracts and compounds need to be further investigated to define the magnitude of the effects, optimal dosage, mechanisms of action, long term safety, and potential side effects.

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Abbreviations

ATP:

Adenosine triphosphate

GRAS:

Generally recognized as safe

SNS:

Sympathetic nervous system

WHR:

Waist to hip ratio

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Astell, K.J., Mathai, M.L. & Su, X.Q. A Review on Botanical Species and Chemical Compounds with Appetite Suppressing Properties for Body Weight Control. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 68, 213–221 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-013-0361-1

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Keywords

  • Botanical species
  • Appetite
  • Food intake
  • Obesity
  • Natural supplements