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Evaluation of Antioxidant Capacity and Phenol Content in Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) Fruit Pulp

Abstract

The antioxidant capacity of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Fam. Moracae) fruit pulp (JFP) obtained from Western Ghats India was determined by evaluating the scavenging activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing power assays and N, N-dimethyl-p-phenylendiamine (DMPD) radical cation decolorization assay. JFP was analyzed for total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoids content (TFC). The ethanol and water are the best solvents for the extracting phenols and flavonoids from the JFP. The antioxidant activities of JFP extracts were correlated with the total phenolic and flavonoids content. The results indicated that the jackfruit pulp is one natural source of antioxidant compounds.

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Abbreviations

DMPD:

N, N dimethyl-p-phenylendiamine

DPPH:

1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl

FRAP:

ferric reducing antioxidant power

GAE:

gallic acid equivalent

IC50 :

inhibitory concentration showing 50% inhibition

JFP:

jackfruit pulp

TFC:

total flavonoids content

TPC:

total phenolic content

TPTZ:

2,4,6-tripyridyl-s-triazine

RSA:

radical scavenging activity

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Acknowledgement

UBJ and VAB wish to thank and express gratitude to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India for Junior Research (JRF) and Emeritus Scientist (ES) Fellowship, respectively.

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Correspondence to V. A. Bapat.

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Jagtap, U.B., Panaskar, S.N. & Bapat, V.A. Evaluation of Antioxidant Capacity and Phenol Content in Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) Fruit Pulp. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 65, 99–104 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-010-0155-7

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Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • DMPD radical
  • DPPH radical
  • Total flavonoids
  • Total phenolic content