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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 19–24 | Cite as

Antihyperlipidemic Effect of Aronia melanocarpa Fruit Juice in Rats Fed a High-Cholesterol Diet

  • S. VALCHEVA-KUZMANOVAEmail author
  • K. KUZMANOV
  • V. MIHOVA
  • I. KRASNALIEV
  • P. BORISOVA
  • A. BELCHEVA
General Paper

Abstract

Aronia melanocrpa fruit juice (AMFJ) used in our experiment was very rich in phenolic substances (709.3 mg gallic acid equivalents/100 ml juice). Anthocyanins (106.8 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalents/100 ml juice) were the main flavonoid group. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of AMFJ on plasma lipids and lipoprotein profile, and histopathology of liver and aorta in rats with dietary-induced hyperlipidemia. AMFJ was administered by gavage for 30 days at doses of 5, 10 and 20 ml/kg body weight to rats fed a standard diet (SD) or a 4% cholesterol-containing diet (4% ChD). The 4% ChD caused a significant elevation of plasma total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG). AMFJ did not significantly influence plasma lipids in rats fed the SD and significantly hindered the elevation of plasma TC, LDL-C and TG in rats fed the 4% ChD. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were not significantly influenced either by the 4% ChD or by AMFJ. Neither the cholesterol feeding, nor AMFJ treatment induced any histopathological changes in rat liver and aorta. In conclusion, AMFJ showed an antihyperlipidemic effect in rats with hyperlipidemia and could be valuable in reducing this factor of cardiovascular risk.

Key words

Anthocyanins Aronia melanocrpa fruit juice Flavonoids High-cholesterol diet Plasma lipids Total phenolics 

Abbreviations

AMFJ

Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice

ChD

cholesterol-containing diet

HDL-C

high-density lipoprotein cholesterol

LDL-C

low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

SD

standard diet

TC

total cholesterol

TG

triglycerides

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank the Food Composition Department, National Center of Public Health Protection, Sofia, Bulgaria, for determining the contents of phenolic substances in AMFJ.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. VALCHEVA-KUZMANOVA
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. KUZMANOV
    • 2
  • V. MIHOVA
    • 3
  • I. KRASNALIEV
    • 4
  • P. BORISOVA
    • 1
  • A. BELCHEVA
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology and BiochemistryMedical UniversityVarnaBulgaria
  2. 2.VivariumMedical UniversityVarnaBulgaria
  3. 3.Department of Clinical LaboratoryMedical UniversityVarnaBulgaria
  4. 4.Department of General and Clinical PathologyMedical UniversityVarnaBulgaria

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