In this work, we present a quantum key distribution protocol using continuous-variable non-Gaussian states, homodyne detection and post-selection. The employed signal states are the photon added then subtracted coherent states (PASCS) in which one photon is added and subsequently one photon is subtracted from the field. We analyze the performance of our protocol, compared with a coherent state-based protocol, for two different attacks that could be carried out by the eavesdropper (Eve). We calculate the secret key rate transmission in a lossy line for a superior channel (beam-splitter) attack, and we show that we may increase the secret key generation rate by using the non-Gaussian PASCS rather than coherent states. We also consider the simultaneous quadrature measurement (intercept-resend) attack, and we show that the efficiency of Eve’s attack is substantially reduced if PASCS are used as signal states.
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This work was partially supported by CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico—INCT of Quantum Information), FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo—CePOF of Optics and Photonics) and CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Ensino Superior), Brazil.
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Borelli, L.F.M., Aguiar, L.S., Roversi, J.A. et al. Quantum key distribution using continuous-variable non-Gaussian states. Quantum Inf Process 15, 893–904 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11128-015-1193-8
- Quantum cryptography
- Continuous variables
- Non-Gaussian states