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Fast clique minor generation in Chimera qubit connectivity graphs

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The current generation of D-Wave quantum annealing processor is designed to minimize the energy of an Ising spin configuration whose pairwise interactions lie on the edges of a Chimera graph \({\mathcal {C}}_{M,N,L}\). In order to solve an Ising spin problem with arbitrary pairwise interaction structure, the corresponding graph must be minor-embedded into a Chimera graph. We define a combinatorial class of native clique minors in Chimera graphs with vertex images of uniform, near minimal size and provide a polynomial-time algorithm that finds a maximum native clique minor in a given induced subgraph of a Chimera graph. These minors allow improvement over recent work and have immediate practical applications in the field of quantum annealing.

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  1. Taking the triangle embedding and making an image of all the unused qubits gives a \(K_{LM +1}\) minor.


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Correspondence to Andrew D. King.

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This research was partially supported by the Mitacs Accelerate program.

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Boothby, T., King, A.D. & Roy, A. Fast clique minor generation in Chimera qubit connectivity graphs. Quantum Inf Process 15, 495–508 (2016).

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