Does immigration impact institutions?
The economics literature generally finds a positive, but small, gain in income to native-born populations from immigrants and potentially large gains in world incomes. But immigrants can also impact a recipient nation’s institutions. A growing empirical literature supports the importance of strong private property rights, a rule of law, and an environment of economic freedom for promoting long-run prosperity. But little is known about how immigration impacts these institutions. This paper empirically examines how immigration impacts a nation’s policies and institutions. We find no evidence of negative and some evidence of positive impacts in institutional quality as a result of immigration.
KeywordsEconomic freedom Immigration Institutions
JEL ClassificationJ1 J6 P1
- Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. A. (2012). Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty. New York: Crown.Google Scholar
- Borjas, G. J. (2015). Immigration and globalization: A review essay. Journal of Economic Literature (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- Bowles, A., & Gintis, H. (2011). Schooling in capitalist America: Educational reforms and the contradictions of economic life. Chicago: Haymarket Books.Google Scholar
- Butts, F. R. (1978). Public education in the United States: From revolution to reform. Canada: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
- Canaan, E., ed. (1904). Editor’s introduction to An inquiry in the nature and causes of the wealth of nations, by Adam Smith. London: Methuen & Co., Ltd. Retrieved August 6, 2014 from http://www.econlib.org/library/Smith/smWN0.html#I.56.
- Collier, P. (2013). Exodus: How migration is changing our world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Dawson, J. (2003). Causality in the freedom-growth relationship. European Journal of Political Economy, 19, 479–195.Google Scholar
- de Haan, J., & Sturm, J. E. (2000). On the relationship between economic freedom and economic growth. European Journal of Political Economy, 16(2), 215–241.Google Scholar
- Dimant, E., Krieger, T. and Redlin, M. (2013). A crook is a crook…but is he still a crook abroad? On the effect of immigration on destination-country corruption. Discussion Paper Series, no. 2013-03. Wilfred-Guth-Stiftungsprofessur fuer Ordnungs- und Wettbewebspolitik, Universitaet Freiburg.Google Scholar
- Greer, C. (1972). The great school legend: A revisionist interpretation of American public education. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Gwartney, J., Lawson, R., & Hall, J. (2013). Economic freedom of the world: 2013 Annual report. Vancouver, BC: Fraser Institute.Google Scholar
- Kerr, S. P. and Kerr, W. R. (2011). Economic impacts of immigration: A survey, NBER Working Paper 16736.Google Scholar
- Leeson, P., & Gochenour, Z. (2015). The economic effects of international labor mobility. In B. Powell (Ed.), The economics of immigration: Market-based approaches, social science, and public policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Meissner, D., Kerwin, D. M., Chishti, M., & Bergeron, C. (2013). Immigration enforcement in the United States: The rise of a formidable machinery. Washington DC: Migration Policy Institute.Google Scholar
- World Bank. (2013). World Development Indicators. Washington DC: World Bank.Google Scholar