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Public Choice

, Volume 153, Issue 1–2, pp 17–36 | Cite as

Travel visas

Article

Abstract

This paper examines travel visa restrictions in 188 countries. We measure travel visa requirements (1) facing foreign visitors into a given country and (2) facing citizens of a given nation traveling abroad. Our analysis shows that countries are more likely to impose visas on foreign visitors when they are large, but less likely when they are rich and economically free. Citizens from richer and more populous countries face fewer travel visa requirements when traveling abroad. Countries are less likely to impose visa requirements on similar nations.

Keywords

Visas Travel Globalization Economic freedom 

JEL Classification

F20 J61 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom Cox School of BusinessSouthern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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