This paper analyzes the effects of globalization on social protection expenditures in European countries. The particular focus is on (a) the Eastern European countries and (b) on differences in globalization effects between welfare regimes. We find evidence in favor of the compensation hypothesis in Western Europe which is driven by the conservative welfare regime, outweighing the efficiency effect of globalization in the social-democratic welfare regime. In Eastern European countries the efficiency effect is predominant. No globalization effect is found for the liberal and the southern welfare regimes.
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Leibrecht, M., Klien, M. & Onaran, O. Globalization, welfare regimes and social protection expenditures in Western and Eastern European countries. Public Choice 148, 569–594 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-010-9685-7
- Social expenditures
- Welfare regimes