We provide an overview of empirical evidence on the determinants of terrorism, in particular focusing on the origins and targets of transnational terrorism. We also assemble several broad theoretical families that relate terrorism to, e.g., economic, political and institutional and demographic factors. We provide a critical discussion of the existing empirical evidence and refer to a number of areas of future research before describing some modest policy implications.
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Krieger, T., Meierrieks, D. What causes terrorism?. Public Choice 147, 3–27 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-010-9601-1