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Traumatic Brain Injury and Psychiatric Co-Morbidity in the United States

  • Michael G. VaughnEmail author
  • Christopher P. Salas-Wright
  • Rachel John
  • Katherine J. Holzer
  • Zhengmin Qian
  • Christopher Veeh
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to provide a nationally representative psychiatric epidemiologic investigation of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its co-morbid conditions. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III) collected between 2012 and 2013 was used. Results indicated that TBI was significantly associated with any lifetime mental health (AOR = 2.32, 95% CI = 1.65–3.70), substance use disorder (AOR = 1.57–1.01-2.42), and violent (AOR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.03–2.65) and nonviolent (AOR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.25–2.70) criminal behaviors. In our study, TBI was highly comorbid with psychiatric disorders and especially antisocial behaviors, both violent and non-violent.

Keywords

Traumatic brain injury TBI Violence Substance use Mental health 

Notes

Funding

This research was supported in part by grant number R25 DA030310 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health and by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through BU-CTSI Grant Number 1KL2TR001411. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael G. Vaughn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher P. Salas-Wright
    • 2
  • Rachel John
    • 2
  • Katherine J. Holzer
    • 1
  • Zhengmin Qian
    • 3
  • Christopher Veeh
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Social Work, College for Public Health and Social JusticeSaint Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.School of Social WorkBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College for Public Health and Social JusticeSaint Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  4. 4.School of Social WorkUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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