, Volume 47, Issue 1–2, pp 149–162 | Cite as

A human rights and history education model for teaching about historical events of mass violence: The 1947 British India Partition

  • Meenakshi ChhabraEmail author


This article examines singular historical narratives of the 1947 British India Partition in four history textbooks from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Britain, respectively. Drawing on analysis and work in the field, this study proposes a seven-module “integrated snail model” with a human rights orientation that can be applied to teaching historical events of conflict and violence in different contexts. It offers opportunities for learners to enhance their historical understanding and consciousness, experience empathy for others, and take actions that uphold human rights.


Human rights History education 1947 British India Partition Integrated snail model Collective violence 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lesley UniversityCambridgeUSA

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